Determination of Macronutrient Contents of Dry Grass of Some Vetch Species in Different Mixing Ratios with Barley

Authors

  • Nizamettin TURAN Siirt Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü
  • Seyithan SEYDOŞOĞLU Siirt Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü
  • Uğur SEVİLMİŞ Siirt Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü
  • C. Aylin OLUK Siirt Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46291/ISPECJASvol4iss3pp597-608

Keywords:

Common vetch, hairy vetch, barley, intercrop, grass, macronutrient content

Abstract

This research was carried out to determine the macronutrient content in dry grass of barley, which is mixed with common vetch and hairy vetch in different proportions. Field trials were conducted at Siirt University (Turkey) for two years in the winter season of 2017-18 and 2018-19. Common vetch (YF), hairy vetch (TF) and barley (A) plants were grown sole, and each vetch species was grown mixed with barley in four different mixing ratios (80:20, 60:40, 40:60, 20:80). Phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) ratios were determine in the harvested grass. As the average of two years; the highest Ca content (1.08%) was obtained by the "20 YF + 80A" mixture, whereas the highest K content (4.50%) was obtained from the "sole common vetch", the highest Mg content (0.21%) was obtained from the "80YF + 20A" mixture and the highest P content (0.34%) was obtained from the "20TF + 80A" mixture. It is found that the grass of these legumes in sole and their mixture with barley are at a sufficient level in terms of Ca and K; but in terms of Mg and P, they were found below the required limit value for feed rations. It was concluded that the Ca / P ratio of hay obtained from both sole and mixed cultivation poses a risk for animal health. According to these results; it is proposed to add Mg and P-containing substances to the studied grasses. Or mixing them with Mg and P-rich feeds might be a good option.

References

Aasim, M., Şahin Demirbağ, N., Khawar, K. M., Kendir, H., Özcan, S. 2011. Direct axillary shoot regeneration from the mature seed explant of the hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth).

Akdağ, A. 2017. Farklı kalsiyum ve fosfor düzeyli karmalarla yemlenen etlik piliçlerin büyüme performansı, et kalitesi ve bazı kan, kemik ve dışkı parametreleri. Yüksek lisans tezi, Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Eskişehir.

Albu A, Pop IM, Radu-Rusu C. 2012. Calcium (Ca) and Phosphorus (P) concentration in dairy cow feeds. Lucrări Ştiinţifice- Seria Zootehnie. 57(17): 70-74.

Anonymous, 2001. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. Seventh Revised Edition. (http://books.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=9825&page=110), (Erişim tarihi: 15.04.2020).

Anonymous, 2016. Siirt İli Bazı İklim Verileri. T.C. Tarım ve Orman Bakanlığı Meteoroloji Genel Müdürlüğü, Ankara.

Anonymous, 2019. WinISI 4 Calibration Software:Ground, Expandable Equation Packages, (http://www.winisi.com/product_calibrations.htm), (Erişim tarihi: 20.05.2019).

Ayan, İ, Mut, H., Önal-Ascı, Ö., Basaran, U., Acar, Z. 2010. Effects of manure application on the chemical composition of rangeland hay. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 9(13): 1852-1857.

Bakoğlu, A., Koç, A., Gökkuş, A., 1999. Dominant mer’a bitkilerinin biomas ve kimyasal kompozisyonlarının büyüme dönemindeki değişimi, II. Kimyasal kompozisyondaki değişimler, Türk Tarım ve Ormancılık Dergisi, 23(Ek Sayı 2): 495- 508.

Başbağ, M., Çaçan, E., Sayar, M.S. 2018. Bazı buğdaygil bitki türlerinin yem kalite değerlerinin belirlenmesi ve biplot analiz yöntemi ile özellikler arası ilişkilerin değerlendirilmesi. Tarla Bitkileri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi, 27(2): 92-101.

Başbağ, M., Sayar, M.S., Çaçan, E. 2020. Determining Forage Quality Values of Salvia multicaulis VAHL. Species Collected From Different Locations of the Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey, Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology, 8(7): 1492-1496

BenYoussef, S., Kachout, S. S., Abidi, S., Saddem, B., Ismail, J., & B Salem, H. (2019). Effect of Different Levels of Nitrogen Fertilization on Forage Yields and Quality of Hairy Vetch (Vicia villosa, Roth) Triticale (Xtritcosecale, Witmack) Mixtures. The Open Agriculture Journal, 13(1).

Brogna, N., Pacchioli, M.T., Immovilli, A., Ruozzi, F., Ward, R., Formigoni, A., 2009. The use of nearinfrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) in the prediction of chemical composition and in vitro neutral detergent fiber (NDF) digestibility of Italian alfalfa hay. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 8(Suppl. 2): 271-273.

Caballero, R., Barro, C., Rebolé, A., Arauzo, M., & Hernaiz, P. J. (1996). Yield components and forage quality of common vetch during pod filling. Agronomy journal, 88(5), 797-800.

Crawford, R.J., Maisse, M.D., Sleper, D.A., Mayland, H.F., 1998. Use of an experimental high-magnesium tall fescue to reduce grass tetany in cattle. Journal of Production Agriculture, 11: 491-496.

El-Bok, S., Jabri, C., Omrani, W., Nsibi, K., Zoghlami-Khélil, A. 2019. Molecular and cytogenetic description of Vicia villosa Roth. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 56(1).

Elkins, C.B., Haaland, R.L., Honeland, C.S., 1977. Tetany potential of forage species as affected by soil oxygen. Proceedings of the XIII International Grassland Congress, pp. 1505-1507.

Fernandez-Aparicio, M., Sillero, J. C., Rubiales, D. 2009. Resistance to broomrape species (Orobanche spp.) in common vetch (Vicia sativa L.). Crop Protection, 28(1), 7-12.

Grunes, D.L., Welch, R.M., 1989. Plant contents of magnesium, calcium, and potassium in relation to ruminant nutrition. Journal of Animal Science, 67: 3485-3494.

Han, J., Wang, J., Chen, G., Qu, H., Zhang, J., Shi, C., Yan, Y., Cheng, Y. 2016. Effects of calcium to nonphytate phosphorus ratio and different sources of vitamin D ongrowth performance and bone mineralization in broiler chickens. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 45(1): 1-7.

Kahraryan, B., Farahvash, F., Mohammadı, S., Mırshekarı, B., Rashıdı, V. 2019. Evaluation of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and Vetch (Vicia villosa Roth) Intercropping. Journal of Crop Ecophysiology (Agriculture Science), 12(4): 651-670.

Kalaycı, M. 2005. Örneklerle jump kullanımı ve tarımsal araştırma için varyans analizi modelleri, Anadolu Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü Yayınları, yayın no:21.

Kim, M. T., Lee, Y. H., Jeon, W. T., Kim, S. J., Yun, D. H., Ku, J. H., Kang, H. W. 2013. Effects of water-soaking and mechanical and chemical scarifications on seed germination of hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth). Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 46(1): 49-52.

Lindsay, W.L., Vlek, P.L.G., Chien, S.H., 1989. Phosphate minerals. J.B. Dixon and S.B. Weed (Eds.), Minerals in Soil Environments, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI, USA, pp. 1089-1130.

Lu Yang, C.W.D., Ke, H.U.A.N.G., Xiao-qing, L.I., Wei-dong, C. A. O., Jian-bo, S.H.E.N. 2011. Comparison of rhizosphere processes of Vicia sativa and Vicia villosa in response to phosphorus deficiency. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science, (3), 23.

Mayland, H.F., Hasay, K.H., Clark, D.H., 1992. Seasonal trends in herbage yield and quality of Agropvrons. Journal of Range Management, 45: 369-374.

Mothapo, N. V., Grossman, J. M., Maul, J. E., Shi, W., Isleib, T. 2013. Genetic diversity of resident soil rhizobia isolated from nodules of distinct hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth) genotypes. Applied soil ecology, 64: 201-213.

Muller, L.D., 2009. Dietary Minerals for Dairy Cows on Pasture. (www.das.psu.edu/researchextension/dairy/.../pdf/mi neralsforpasture. pdf.), (Erişim tarihi: 25.10.2018).

Özyazıcı, M.A., Acikbas, S., 2019. Kaba yem amacıyla yetiştirilen sorgum (Sorghum sp.) ve mısır (Zea mays L.) çeşitlerinin mineral içeriklerinin değişimi. International Journal of Scientific and Technological Research, 5(12): 227-237.

Özyazıcı, M.A., Açıkbaş, S. 2020. Sorgum x Sudanotu Melezi ve Sudanotu Çeşitlerinde Hasat Zamanının Makro Besin Maddeleri Konsantrasyonlarına Etkisi, Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi, 7(1):47-58.

Pramanik, P., Haque, M. M., Kim, P. J. 2013. Effect of nodule formation in roots of hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) on methane and nitrous oxide emissions during succeeding rice cultivation. Agriculture, ecosystems & environment, 178, 51-56.

Renzi, J. P., Chantre, G. R., Cantamutto, M. A. 2018. Vicia villosa ssp. Roth field emergence model in a semiarid agroecosystem. Grass and Forage Science, 73(1): 146-158.

Sattell, R., Dick, R., Luna, J., McGrath, D. M., Peachey, R. E. 1998. Common vetch (Vicia sativa L.).

Sobkowicz, P. 2001. Phosphorus, potassium and calcium uptake with spring triticale and common vetch in pure and mixed stand. Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Rolniczej we Wroclawiu. Rolnictwo (Poland).

Turan, N., Özyazıcı, M.A., Açıkbaş, S., Seydoşolu, S. The determining of some macro element contents in genotypes of vetch species. III. Uluslararası Meslek ve Teknik Bilimler Kongresi. 3705-3712.

Yan, Z. C., Zhang, W. Z., Duan, T. Y. 2019. First Report of Leaf Spot Caused by Stemphylium vesicarium on Vicia villosa in China. Plant Disease, 103(5):1039-1039.

Yusefi-Tanha, E., Fallah, S., Pessarakli, M. 2019. Effects of seed priming on growth and antioxidant components of hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) seedlings under chilling stress. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 42(5): 428-443.

Published

2020-09-16

How to Cite

Nizamettin TURAN, Seyithan SEYDOŞOĞLU, Uğur SEVİLMİŞ, & C. Aylin OLUK. (2020). Determination of Macronutrient Contents of Dry Grass of Some Vetch Species in Different Mixing Ratios with Barley. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 4(3), 597-608. https://doi.org/10.46291/ISPECJASvol4iss3pp597-608

Issue

Section

Articles