Effect of Applications of Chemical and Organic Fertilizer on Yield and Essential Oil Ratio of Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) Plant

Authors

  • Gülen ÖZYAZICI Siirt Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakülesi Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46291/ISPECJASvol5iss2pp505-514

Keywords:

coriander, chemical fertilizer, organic fertilizer, essential oil

Abstract

This study was carried out to determine the effects of different combinations of chemical and organic fertilizers on yield and essential oil ratio in coriander plant. Research, 2019-2020 vegetation period situated in Turkey's semi-arid climate prevails that was conducted in Southeastern Anatolia Region Siirt conditions. A total of 11 subjects, different combinations of chemical and organic fertilizers, formed the subject of the study in the study, which was established with 3 repetitions according to the randomized blocks trial design. According to the results of the research, the effect of chemical and organic fertilizer combinations on plant height and essential oil ratio in coriander plant is statistically insignificant. The number of seeds in the main umbrella and biological yield at p<0.05 level, the number of umbellet in the main umbrella, harvest index, seed and essential oil yield at p<0.05 level were statistically significant. In the research, the highest number of umbellet and seeds in the main umbrella were vermicompost (100%), harvest index (50% NPK + 50% chicken manure), seed yield (50% NPK + 50% chicken manure and 75% NPK + 25% chicken manure) and essential oil yield (50% NPK + 50% chicken manure). According to the research subjects, the plant height is 64.37-75.90 cm, the number of umbellet is 5.40-6.27 in the main umbrella, the number of seeds in the main umbrella is 32.47-41.53, the biological yield is 411.83-687.90 kg/da, the seed yield is 101.05-186.91 kg/da, harvest index, 22.23-36.28%, essential oil rate 0.30-0.32%, essential oil yield varied between 0.30-0.60 L/da. It was concluded that chemical fertilizer and organic fertilizer applications in coriander cultivation in semi-arid climatic conditions increase yield and some yield criteria.

References

Açıkgöz, N., Açıkgöz, N., 2001. Tarımsal Araştırmaların İstatistiki Değerlendirilmesinde Yapılan Bazı Hatalar I. Tek Faktörlü Denemeler. Anadolu Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi, 11(1): 135-147.

Afzal, O., Asif, M., Ahmed, M., Awan, F.K., Aslam, M.A., Zahoor, A., Bilal, M., Shaheen, F.A., Zulfiqar, M.A., Ahmed, N., 2017. Integrated nutrient management of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) under rainfed conditions. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 8: 2208-2218.

Anonim, 2020. Siirt İli İklim Verileri. Siirt Meteoroloji İstasyon Kayıtları, Siirt.

Ayanoğlu, F., Başkaya, Ş., Bahadırlı, N.P., 2016. Biberiye (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) bitkisinin uçucu yağ oranı, uçucu yağ bileşenleri ve antioksidan içeriğinde morfogenetik ve ontogenetik varyabilite. Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 21(1): 12-20.

Badran, F.S., El-Sayed, A.A., Hassan, E.A., Rekaby, A.F., 2018. Effect of mineral NPK and organic fertilization on growth, yield, essential oil and chemical composition of coriander plants. Scientific J. Flowers & Ornamental Plants, 5(2):161-170.

Bekeko, Z., 2014. Effect of enriched farmyard manure and inorganic fertilizers on grain yield and harvest index of hybrid maize (bh-140) at Chiro, eastern Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 9(3):663-669.

Biramo, G., 2018. The Role of Integrated nutrient management system for ımproving crop yield and enhancing soil fertility under small holder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Review Article. Journal of Natural Sciences Research, 8(7):26-35.

Carrubba, A., 2014. Organic and chemical N fertilization on coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) in a Mediterranean environment. Industrial Crops and Products, 57: 174-187.

Choudhary, B.R., Gupta, A.K., Parihar, C.M., Jat, S.L., Singh, D.K., 2011. Effect of integrated nutrient management on fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum) and its residual effect on fodder pearlmillet (Pennisetum glaucum) Indian Journal of Agronomy, 56(3): 189-195.

Dadiga, A., Kadwey,S., Prajapati, S., 2015. Influences of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients on growth, yield attributed traits and yield economic of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) cv JD-1. Indian J. Agric. Res., 49(6): 577-580.

Demir, S., Korukluoğlu, M., 2020. A comparative study about antioxidant activity and phenolic composition of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) and coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.). Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 19(2): 383-393.

Doğramacı, S., Arabacı, O., 2015. Anason (Pimpinella anisum L.) çeşit ve ekotiplerinin bazı teknolojik özellikleri üzerine organik ve inorganik gübre uygulamalarının etkisi. Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 12(1): 41-47.

Garg V. K., 2007. Effect of non-symbiotic microbial inocu¬lants on growth, yield and quality of fennel (Foeniculum vul¬gare Mill.) grown in sodic soil. Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops, 16(2): 93-98.

Gharib F.A., Moussa, L.A., Massoud, O.N., 2008. Effect of compost and bio-fertilizers on growth, yield and essential oil of sweet marjoram (Majorana hortensis) plant. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 10(4): 381-387.

Ghatas, Y.A.A., 2020. Impacts of using some fertilization treatments in presence of salicylic acid foliar spray on growth and productivity of Coriandrum sativum L. plant. Journal of Plant Production, 11(2): 119-125.

Gümüş, İ., Şeker, C., 2014. Farklı organik gübrelerin mısır-buğday ekim nöbetinde buğdayın verimine bakiye etkileri. Toprak Su Dergisi, 3(1): 1-5.

Jhariya, S., Jain, A., 2017. Effect of integrated nutrient management on essential oil (volatile oil) of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.). Int. J. Cur. Res. Rev., 9(17): 19-25.

Kan, Y., 2007. Konya ekolojik koşullarında yetiştirilen kişniş (Coriandrum sativum L.)’de uygulanan organik ve inorganik gübrelerin verim ve uçucu yağ oranı üzerine etkileri. Selçuk Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 21(42): 36-42.

Kaur, P., Kumar, A., Arora, S., Singh Ghuman, B., 2006. Quality of dried coriander leaves as affected by pretreatments and method of drying. European Food Research Technology, 223:189-194.

Kumar, R., Singh, M.K., Kumar, V., Verma, R.K., Kushwah, J.K., Mahender, P., 2015. Effect of nutrient supplementation through organic sources on growth, yield and quality of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.). Indian J. Agric. Res., 49(3): 278-281.

Kumar, A., Pandita, V.K., 2016. Effect of integrated nutrient management on seed yield and quality in cowpea. Legume Research, 39(3): 448-452.

Kumar, A.Y., Kumar Hemant, R., 2016. Effect of organic fertilizers on growth and yield of coriander (Coriandram sativum) under subabul (Leucaena leucocephala) alley cropping system. International Journal of Farm Sciences, 6(4): 104-108.

Kusuma, M.V., Venkatesha, J., Ganghadarappa, P.M., Hiremath, J.S., Mastiholi, A.B., Manjunatha, G., 2019. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 8(1): 2782-2794.

Marotti, M., Piccaglia, R., 1992. The influence of distillation conditions on the essential oil composition of three varieties of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 4: 569-576.

Momin, A.H., Acharya, S.S., Gajjar, A.V. 2012. Coriandrum sativum review of advances in phytopharmacology. International Journal of Pharmacetical Sciences and Research, 3(5): 1233-1239.

Mounika, Y., Thanuja Sivaram, G., Syam Sundar Reddy, P., Ramaiah, M. 2018. Influence of biofertilizers and micronutrients on growth, seed yield and quality of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) cv. Sadhana. International Journal of Current Microbiology Applied Science, 7(1): 2099-2107.

Molina, R.D.I., Campos-Silva, R., Macedo, A.J., Blazquez, M.A., Alberto, M.R., Arena, M.E., 2020. Antibiofilm activity of coriander (Coriander sativum L.) grown in Argentina against food contaminants and human pathogenic bacteria. Industrial Crops & Products, 151: 112380.

Nambiar, K.K.M., Abrol, I.P., 1989. Long-term fertilizer experiments in India: An overview. Fertilizer News, 34: 11-20.

Nguyen, D.T.P., Kitayama, M., Lu, N., Takagaki, M. 2020. Improving secondary metabolite accumulation, mineral content, and growth of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) by regulating light quality in a plant factory. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 95(3): 356-363.

Özgüven, M., Tansı, S. 1998. Drug yield and essential oil of Thymus vulgaris L. as a influenced by ecological and ontogenetical variation. Tr. J. Of Agriculture and Forestry 22:537-542.

Özyazıcı, G., Kevseroğlu, K., 2019. Ontogenetik varyabilitenin Labiatae familyasına ait bazı bitkiler (Mentha spicata L., Origanum onites L., Melissa officinalis L., Lavandula angustifolia Mill.)’in verimi üzerine etkileri. Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi, 6(2): 174-185.

Saeed-Nejad, A.H., Rezvani Moghadam, P., 2009. Evaluation the effect of using composting, vermicompoosting and manure on yield, yield components and essential oil Cuminum cyminum. Journal of Horticultural Science, 24(2): 142-148.

Said-Al Ahl, H.A.H., Omer, E.A., 2009. Effect of spraying with zinc and / or iron on growth and chemical composition of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) harvested at three stages of development. Journal of Medicinal Food Plants, 1(2):30-46.

Satyal, P., Setzer, W.N., 2020. Chemical compositions of commercial essential oils from Coriandrum sativum fruits and aerial parts. Natural Product Communications, 15(7): 1-12.

Scheffer, M.C., Koehler, H.S., 1993. Influence of organic fertilization on the biomass, yield and yield composition of the essential oil of Achillea millefolium. Acta Horticulture, 331: 109-114.

Shivran, A.C., Jat, N.L., Singh, S.S.R., Mittal, G.K., 2016. Effect of integrated nutrient management on productivity and economics of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum). Legume Research, 39(2): 279-283.

Singh, S. P., 2015. Effect of organic manures on growth, yield and economics of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.). Journal of Eco-friendly Agriculture, 10(2): 124-127.

Suman, P., Lakshminarayana, D., Prasanth, P., Saida Naik, D., 2018. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth parameters of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) cultivars under Telangana conditions. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci., 7(11): 2871-2877.

Suman, P., Lakshminarayana, D., Prasanth, P., Saida Naik, D., 2019. Effect of integrated nutrient management on yield parameters of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) cultivars under Telangana conditions. International Journal of Chemical Studies, 7(1): 392-394.

Tolanur, S.I., V.P. Badanur, 2003. Effect of integrated use of organic manure, green manure and fertilizer nitrogen on sustaining productivity of rabi sorghum-chickpea system and fertility of a Vertisol. J. of the Indian Soci. of Soil Sci., 51(1): 41-44.

Tripathi, M.L., Singh, H., Chouhan, S.V.S. Response of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) to integrated nutrient management. Technofame- A Journal of Multidisciplinary Advance Research, 2(2): 43-46.

Ulutaş Deniz, E., Yeğenoğlu, S., Sözen Şahne, B., Gençler Özkan, A.M., 2018. Kişniş (Coriandrum sativum L.) üzerine bir derleme. Marmara Pharmaceutical Journal, 22(1): 15-28.

Yaldız, G., Şekeroğlu, N., Özgüven, M., Kırpık, M. 2005. Seasonal and diurnal variability of essential oil and ıts components in Origanum onites L. grown in ecological of Çukurova. Grasas Y Aceites, 5(4): 254-258.

Yüksek, T., Oğuztürk, T., Çorbacı, Ö.L., 2020. Solucan gübresi ve torf uygulamalarının farklı saksı ortamında Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) spreng bitkisinin gelişimine etkisi. Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences, 5(4): 743-749.

Władysław, S., Nowak, J., 2015. Nitrogen fertilization versus the yield and quality of coriander fruit. Acta Scientiarum. Polonorum. Hortorum Cultus, 14(3): 37-50.

Published

2021-06-02

How to Cite

Gülen ÖZYAZICI. (2021). Effect of Applications of Chemical and Organic Fertilizer on Yield and Essential Oil Ratio of Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) Plant. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 5(2), 505-514. https://doi.org/10.46291/ISPECJASvol5iss2pp505-514

Issue

Section

Articles