Evaluation of The Performance of Some Durum Wheat (Triticum durum L.) Genotypes in Organic and Conventional Condition

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46291/ISPECJASvol5iss2pp439-455

Keywords:

Organic, Conventional, Durum wheat, Yield

Abstract

The biggest barrier to obtaining high grain yield under organic conditions is nutrient deficiency and weed density. It is predicted that plants with long plant length, early flowering and maturation in wheat can compete better with weeds and give better yield in organic conditions. The study was carried out in the research and application area of Dicle University Faculty of Agriculture in Diyarbakır in rain-fed condition during the 2019-2020 production season. In this study, materials were used as follows: 29 durum wheat genotypes from local cultivars and 3 check cultivars (Sena, Svevo and Eyyubi). The study was set up in 3 blocks (each consisting of 10 rows) according to the augmented experimental design in 2 different experiments (organic and conventional). In the study, it was aimed to evaluate the performance of local genotypes under organic conditions by comparing them with conventional conditions and to determine the appropriate selection parameters for organic wheat breeding. In this study, some physiological, phenological, morphological, yield and quality characteristics were examined. According to the results, early heading genotypes under organic conditions had higher grain yield potential. In addition, the effect of NDVI and LAI values ​​on grain yield was found to be significant. DYM-19, DYM-17, YM-12, UYM-5 and DYM-16 genotypes, which have minimum decrease in grain yield in organic conditions, and Atkı-2 variety, which gives the highest grain yield in both agricultural systems has been determined that they can be used as a parent in breeding studies for organic conditions.

 

References

Barberi, P. 2002. Weed management in organic agriculture: Are We Addressing the Right Issues? Weed Research, 42: 177-193.

Davis, J., Abbott, L. 2006. Soil fertility in organic farming systems. In: Kristiansen P, Taji A, Reganold J (eds) Organic agriculture: A global perspective. Comstock Publishing Associates, New York, 25–51.

Entz, M.H., Guilford, R., Gulden, R. 2001. Crop yield and soil nutrient status on 14 organic farms in the eastern portion of the northern great plains. Can J Plant Sci 81:351–354.

Gevrek, M.N., Gulden, A. 2012. Performance of some bread wheat genotypes under organic and conventional production systems. Deniz International Journal of Agriculture and Biology,14(4):44-55.

Kamran, A., Randhawa, H.S., Pozniak, C. 2013 Phenotypic effects of the flowering gene complex in Canadian spring wheat germplasm. Crop Sci 53:84–94.

Kamran, A., Kubota, H., Yang, R.C. 2014. Relative performance of Canadian spring wheat cultivars under organic and conventional field conditions. Euphytica 196: 13–24.

Karaman, M., Seydoşoğlu, S., Çam, B. 2020. Diyarbakır ili koşullarında augmented deneme deseninde ekmeklik buğday (Triticum aestivum L.) genotiplerinin tarımsal özellikler yönünden incelenmesi. Euroasia Journal of Mathematics, Engineering, Natural and Medical Sciences, 7(9): 195-205.

Karaman, M. 2020. Yazlık ekmeklik buğday (Triticum aestivum L.) genotiplerinin tarımsal özellikler bakımından değerlendirilmesi. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 4: 68-81.

Kirk, A.P., Fox, S.L., Entz, M.H. 2012. Comparison of organic and conventional selection environments for spring wheat. Plant Breed, 131:687–694.

Kitchen, J.L., McDonald, G.K., Shepherd, K.W. 2003. Comparing wheat grown in South Australian organic and conventional farming systems. Aust J Agric Res 54:889–901.

Kucek, L.K., Santantonio, N., Gauch, H.G., Dawson, J.C., Mallory, E.B., Darby, H.M. and Sorrells, M.E. 2019. Genotype × Environment Interactions and Stability in Organic Wheat. Crop Science, 59: 25-32.

Mason, H.E., Navabi, A., Frick, B.L. 2007. The weed competitive ability of Canada western red spring wheat cultivars grown under organic management. Crop Sci 47:1167–1176.

Mikó, P., Löschenberger, F., Hiltbrunner, J., Aebi, R., Megyeri, M., Kovács, G., Molnar-Lang, M., Vida, G., Rakszegi, M. 2014. Comparison of bread wheat varieties with different breeding origin under organic and low input management. Euphytica. 199. 69-80.

Montesinos-López, O., Baenziger, P., Eskridge K.K., Little, R., Crúz, E., Perez, E. 2018. Analysis of genotype-by-environment ınteraction in winter wheat growth in organic production system. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, 30(3): 212-223.

Murphy, K.M., Campbell, K.G., Lyon, S.R. 2007. Evidence of varietal adaptation to organic farming systems. Field Crop Res., 102:172–177.

Nelson, A.G., Quideau, S.A., Frick, B. 2011. The soil microbial community and grain micronutrient concentration of historical and modern hard red spring wheat cultivars grown organically and conventionally in the black soil zone of the Canadian prairies. Sustain, 3:500–517.

Peterson, R.G., 1994. Agricultural Field Experiments Design and Analysis. Marcel Dekker. Inc. 409 p. Corvallis. Oregon.

Rakszegi, M., Mikó, P., Löschenberger, F., Hiltbrunner, J., Aebi, R., Knapp, S., Tremmel-Bede, K., Megyeri, M., Kovács, G., Molnar-Lang, M., Vida, G., Láng, L., Bedő, Z. 2016. Comparison of quality parameters of wheat varieties with different breeding origin under organic and low-input conventional conditions. Journal of Cereal Science, 69: 297-305.

Reid, T.A., Salmon, D.F., Yang, R. 2009. Should spring wheat breeding for organically managed systems be conducted on organically managed land? Euphytica, 169: 239–252.

Romagosa, I., Fox, P.N. 1993. Genotype 9 environment interaction and adaptation. In: Hayward MD, Bosemark NO, Romagosa I (eds) Plant breeding: principles and prospects. Chapman & Hall, London, 373–390.

Sial, M.A., Arian, M.A., Ahmed, M. 2000. Genotype 9 environment interaction on bread wheat grown over multiple sites and years in Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot., 32:85–91.

Willer H., Lernoud, J. 2020. The World of organic agricultue. FİBL, IFOAM, 1. Auflage, printed version 678-3-03736-158-0, 333 p.

Wolfe, M.S., Baresel, J.P., Desclaux, D., Goldringer, I. 2008. Developments in breeding cereals for organic agriculture. Euphytica, 163:323–346.

Zorb, C., Niehaus, K., Barsch, A. 2009. Levels of compounds and metabolites in wheat ears and grains in organic and conventional agriculture. J. Agric. Food Chem, 57: 9555–9562.

Published

2021-06-10

How to Cite

Remzi ÖZKAN, & Cuma AKINCI. (2021). Evaluation of The Performance of Some Durum Wheat (Triticum durum L.) Genotypes in Organic and Conventional Condition. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 5(2), 439-455. https://doi.org/10.46291/ISPECJASvol5iss2pp439-455

Issue

Section

Articles