Determination the Effect of Zinc Application on Cotton Yield, Fiber Quality Traits and Plant Development

Authors

  • Vedat ÇEÇEN Tarım ve Orman Bakanlığı, Zirai İlaç Bayisi, Kızıltepe, Mardin
  • Emine KARADEMİR Siirt Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü, Siirt

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46291/ISPECJASvol5iss3pp515-528

Keywords:

Cotton, Zinc, Yield, Plant Development, Fiber Quality

Abstract

This study was carried out to determine the effect of different zinc application methods on cotton yield, yield component, plant development and fiber quality traits. The study was conducted at Siirt University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Field Crops experimental area as randomized complete block design with four replications in 2016. Stoneville 468 cotton variety and zinc fertilizer were used as material. Seven different zinc applications were performed as (control, to soil 200 g da-1, to soil 400 g da-1, soil + leaves at pre-squaring stage, pre-squaring stage + initial flowering stage to leaves, pre-squaring stage + pre flowering stage + flowering stage to leaves, pre-flowering stage + flowering stage to leaves). The results of variance analysis showed that seed cotton yield, first picking percentage and ginning percentage affected from different zinc applications methods. On the other hand, date of first open boll, plant height, number of monopodial branches, number of sympodial branches, number of bolls, node number of the first fruiting branch, number of nodes, height/node rates, boll weight, 100 seeds weight were not affected from different zinc applcations. The zinc application methods not affected some fiber quality parameters such as fiber fineness, fiber length, fiber strength, yellowness and reflectance, but it affected fiber elongation, uniformity, short fiber index and spinning consistency index. Two times application of zinc to leaves at pre-squaring period + pre-flowering periods and to soil + pre-squaring periods to leaves significantly affected most of investigated characteristics.

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Published

2021-09-04

How to Cite

Vedat ÇEÇEN, & Emine KARADEMİR. (2021). Determination the Effect of Zinc Application on Cotton Yield, Fiber Quality Traits and Plant Development. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 5(3), 515-528. https://doi.org/10.46291/ISPECJASvol5iss3pp515-528

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