Evaluation of Early Stage Traits as an Indicator of Genetic Variation in Winter Lentil

Authors

  • Murat ERMAN Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Siirt University, Siirt, Turkey
  • Fatih ÇIĞ Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Siirt University, Siirt, Turkey
  • Figen CERİTOĞLU Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Siirt University, Siirt, Turkey
  • Mustafa CERİTOĞLU Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Siirt University, Siirt, Turkey

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46291/ISPECJASvol5iss3pp552-559

Keywords:

Adaptation, Early prediction, Early seedling stage, Genetic Variation, Lens culinaris, SPAD-502

Abstract

Lentil is one of the oldest cultured crops with cereals which are cultivated in the wide geography of the world due to its high adaptability, quality nutritional value, important usage areas and economic value. Morphological, physiological and biochemical parameters during the early vegetative stage are an important indicator of adaptation to environmental conditions. This study was carried out to investigate the variation on some agronomic and physiological traits of 49 lentil genotypes during the early growth stage. Although there were significant differences in terms of plant height and total chlorophyll content, differences between genotypes for plant dry and fresh weight, stem diameter and length of epicotyl were statistically found insignificant. Plant height, plant fresh weight, plant dry weight, length of epicotyl, stem diameter and total chlorophyll content varied between 2.53-4.78 cm, 0.17-0.39 g, 0.04-0.13 g, 1.53-3.00 cm, 0.72-1.05 cm and 28.4-38.2%, respectively. As a result, it was determined that observations taken 30 days after emergence are not sufficient to constitute genetic variation and use as an early prediction criteria field conditions. The longer-term and comprehensive studies should be carried out to form genetic variation and interpret the results in field conditions.

References

Abbas, G., Asghar, M.J., Shahid, M., Hussain, J., Akram, M., Ahmad, F. 2019. Yield performance of some lentil genotypes over different environments. Agrosystems, Geosciences and Environment, 2(1): 1-3.

Abi-Ghanem, R., Carpenter-Boggs, L., Smith, J.L. 2010. Cultivar effects on nitrogen fixation in peas and lentils. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 47: 115-120.

Al-Gaadi, K.A., Hassaballa, A.A., Tola, E., Kayad, A.G., Madugundu, R., Alblewi, B., Assiri, F. 2016. Prediction of potato crop yield using precision agriculture techniques. Plos One, 11(9): e0162219.

Brahmaprakash, G.P., Sahu, P.K., Lavanya, G., Nair, S.S., Gangaraddi, V., Gupta, A. 2017. Microbial functions of the rhizosphere. Chapter: 10, Plant-Microbe Interactions in Agro-Ecological Perspectives. Springer, Singapore.

Campbell, J.B., Wynne, R.H. 2011. Introduction to Remote Sensing. 1st ed. New York: Guildford Press.

Ceritoglu, M., Erman, M. 2020. Effect of vermicompost application at different sowing dates on some phenological, agronomic and yield traits in lentil. Journal of International Environmental Application and Science, 15(3): 158-166.

Ceritoglu, M., Erman, M., Yildiz, F. 2020. Effect of salinity on germination and some agro- morphological traits in chickpea seedlings. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 4(1): 82-96.

Chouard, P. 1960. Vernalization and its relations to dormancy. Annual Review of Plant Physiology, 11: 191-238.

Dona, W.H.G., Schoenau, J.J., King, T. 2020. Effect of starter fertilizer in seed-row on emergence, biomass and nutrient uptake by six pulse crops grown under controlled environment conditions. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 43(6): 879-895.

Dong, L., Ravelombola, W., Weng, Y., Qin, J., Bhattarai, G., Zia, B., Zhou, W., Wang, Y., Mou, B., Shi, A. 2019. Seedling salt tolerance for above ground-related traits in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp). Euphytica, 215(53): 1-22.

Erman, M., Tepe, I., Bukun, B., Yergin-Özkan, R., Takesen, M. 2008. Critical period of weed control in winter lentil under non-irrigated conditions in Turkey. African journal of agricultural research, 3(8): 523-530.

Erskine, W., Sarker, A., Kumar, S. 2018. Developing improved varieties of lentil. Chapter: 2, Achieving Sustainable Cultivation of Grain Legumes. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing, London, 19-50.

FAO, 2017. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. FAOSTAT. [cited 2020 sept 11]. Available from: http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data /QC [Accessed 20 September 2018]

Hampton, J.G., Conner, A.J., Boelt, B., Chastain, T..G, Rolston, P. 2016. Climate change: Seed production and options for adaptation. Agriculture, 6(3): 33.

İpekeşen, S., Biçer, B.T. 2021. The effect of fertilization on plant and agricultural traits of chickpeas. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 5(2): 320-332.

Joyce, K.E., Duce, S., Leahy, S.M., Leon, J., Maier, S.W. 2019. Principles and practice of acquiring drone-based image data in marine environments. Marine and Freshwater Research, 70(7): 952-963.

Khan, T.A., Fariduddin, Q., Yusuf, M. 2017. Low-temperature stress: is phytohormones application a remedy? Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24: 21574-21590.

Kraska, P., Andruszczak, S., Kwiecinska-Poppe, E., Staniak, M., Rozylo, K., Rusecki, H. 2020. Supporting crop and different row spacing as factors influencing weed infestation in lentil crop and seed yield under organic farming conditions. Agronomy, 10(9): 1-13.

Li, C., Ganjyal, G.M. 2017. Chemical composition, pasting, and thermal properties of 22 different varieties of peas and lentils. Cereal Chemistry, 94(3): 392-399.

Niu, Y., Ziang, Y. 2018. An overview of biomembrane functions in plant responses to high-temperature stress. Frontiers in Plant Science, 9: 915.

Öktem, H.A., Eyidoğan, F., Demirba, D., Bayraç, A.T., Öz, M.T., Özgür, E., Selçuk, F., Yücel, M. 2008. Antioxidant responses of lentil to cold and drought stress. Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 17(1): 15-21.

Prasad, A.K., Chai, L., Singhi, R.P., Kafatos, M. 2006. Crop yield estimation model for Iowa using remote sensing and surface parameters. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 8(1): 26-33.

Razavi, B.S., Zarebanadkouki, M., Blagodatskaya, E., Kuzyakov, Y. 2016. Rhizosphere shape of lentil and maize: Spatial distribution of enzyme activities. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 96: 229-237.

Sanghera, G.S., Wani, S.H., Hussain, W., Singh, N.B. 2011. Engineering cold stress tolerance in crop plants. Current Genomics, 12: 30-43.

Saraçoğlu, M., Sürücü, A., Koşar, İ., Taş, M.A., Aydoğdu, M., Kara, H. 2014. Şanlıurfa ili Halfeti ilçesi topraklarının bazı özellikleri ve bitki besin elementi kapsamlarının belirlenmesi. Toprak Bilimi ve Bitki Besleme Dergisi, 2(2): 38-45.

Sehgal, A., Sita, K., Kumar, J., Kumar, S., Singh, S., Siddique, K.H.M., Nayyar, H. 2017. Effects of drought, heat and their ınteraction on the growth, yield and photosynthetic function of lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus) genotypes varying in heat and drought sensitivity. Frontiers in Plant Science, 8: 1776.

Silim, S.N., Saxena, M.C., Erskine, W. 1993. Adaptation of lentil to the mediterranean environment, I. Factors affecting yield under drought conditions. Experimental Agriculture, 29: 9-19.

Singh, D., Dikshit, H.K., Singh, R. 2013. A new phenotyping technique for screening for drought tolerance in lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.). Plant Breeding, 132: 185-190.

Soysal, S., Uçar, Ö., Erman, M. 2020. The effects of different plant densities on yield and some yield characteristics of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) on the ecological conditions of Siirt province. EJONS International Journal on Mathematics, Engineering and Natural Sciences 4(15): 785-795.

Tepe, I., Erman, M., Yazlik, A., Levent, R., Ipek, K. 2005. Comparison of some winter lentil cultivars in weed-crop competition. Crop Protection, 24(6): 585-589.

Uttam, K., Clevo, W., Viet-Ngu, H., Boon, L. 2018. Farmers' adaptation to climate change, its determinants and impacts on rice yield in Nepal. Ecological Economics, 144: 139-147.

Verbree, D.A., Singh, B.B., Payne, W.A. 2015. Genetics and heritability of shoot drought tolerance in cowpea seedlings. Crop Science, 55(1): 146-153.

Published

2021-09-04

How to Cite

Murat ERMAN, Fatih ÇIĞ, Figen CERİTOĞLU, & Mustafa CERİTOĞLU. (2021). Evaluation of Early Stage Traits as an Indicator of Genetic Variation in Winter Lentil. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 5(3), 552-559. https://doi.org/10.46291/ISPECJASvol5iss3pp552-559

Issue

Section

Articles