Chalcidoid Parasitoids of Chromatomyia horticola (Gouraiu) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) on Field Sunflower in Turkey


Abstract views: 37 / PDF downloads: 35

Authors

  • Nusret ARISOY Sivas Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Biyoloji Bölümü, Sivas
  • Lütfiye GENÇER Sivas Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Biyoloji Bölümü, Sivas

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46291/ISPECJASvol6iss1pp131-135

Keywords:

Chalcidoidea, parasitoid, Hellianthus annuus, Chromatomyia horticola, Agromyzidae, Kayseri

Abstract

Chromatomyia horticola (Goureau, 1851) (Diptera:Agromyzidae) is a polyphagous species and very common worldwide. In this study, parasitoids of  Chromatomyia horticola were investigated on sunflower (Hellianthus annuus) during 2017-2018 in the Kayseri province. Infested leaves were sampled weekly and kept in the laboratory to observe and count emerging leafminers and parasitoids. Ten species were identified from Chalcidoidea superfamily. Among these parasitoids: 1 species belonging to Eupelmidae family, 6 species belonging to Eulophidae family, 1 species belonging to Mymaridae family and 2 species belonging to Pteromalidae family were identified. These species; Eupelmus urozonus (Dalman, 1820), Neochrysocharis chlorogaster (Erdös, 1966), Neochrysocharis clara (Szelenyi, 1977), Neochrysocharis formosa (Westwood, 1833), Pediobius metallicus (Nees, 1834), Diglyphus iseae (Walkerotal, 1838), Pronotalia sp. (Gradwell, 1957), Cyrtogaster vulgaris (Walker, 1833), Sphegigaster brevicornis (Walker, 1833), Mymaridae sp.(Haliday,1833) . Among these species, Diglyphus iseae, Pediobius metallicus and Neochrysocharis formosa were identified as having the highest densities. When evaluated in both years, Diglyphus iseae was identified as the important parasitoid of agromyzides in Kayseri. In addition, Eupelmus urozonus  and Pronotalia sp. have been identified as a new parasitoid species for Chromatomyia horticola.

Keywords: Chalcidoidea, parasitoid, Hellianthus annuus, Chromatomyia horticola, Agromyzidae, Kayseri

References

Al Azawi, AF. 1967. Agromyzid leafminers and their parasites in Iraq. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 57: 285-287.

Al Azawi AF 1971 Parasites of agromyzid leafminers in Iraq. Bulletin of Iraq Natural History Museum, 5: 35-37.

Del Bene, G. 1989 Natural enemies of Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess), Chromatomyia horticola (Goureua) and Chromatomyia syngenesiae Hardy (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in Tuscany. Redia 72: 529-544.

Chen, X., Xu, Z., Lang, F., He, J., Ma, Y., Rong, L. 2001. The occurence of Chromatomyia horticola (Goureua) (Diptera:Agromyzidae) and its parasitoids (Hymenoptera) in the suburbs of Hangzhou, Zhrejiang province of China. Entomolocal Journal of East Chin,. 10:30-33.

Chen, X., Lang, F., Xu, Z., He, J., Ma, Y. 2003. The occurences of leafminers and their parasitoids on vegetables and weed in Hangzhou Area, Southeast China, Biocontrol, 48: 515-527.

Civelek, H.S. 2002. A new record for the parasitoid fauna of Chromatomyia horticola (Goureua ,1851) (Diptera:Agromyzidae) Pediobius metallicus (Nees, 1934) (Hymenoptera:Eulophidae). Turkish Journal of Entomology, 26: 155-159.

Çıkman, E., Doğanlar, M. 2006. Parasitoids of natural populations of Phytomyza orobanchia (Kaltenbach, 1864) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in southeastern Anatolia. Journal of Applied Science Research, 2(6): 327-330.

Doğanlar M. 1985. Notes on Chalcidoidea of Turkey. III. Encrytidae, Tetracampidae, Aphelinidae, Eulophidae and Elasmidae. Turkish Journal of Plant Protectection, 9: 91-103.

Gençer, L. 2005. Chalcidoid parasitoids of Chromatomyia horticola (Goureua) (Diptera:Agromyzidae) in Sivas province Turkey.. Journal of Pest Science, 78: 41-43.

Gibson, G.A.P., Fusu, L. 2016. Revision of the Palaearctic species of Eupelmus (Eupelmus) Dalman (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eupelmidae) . Zootaxa, 4081 (1) : 1-331.

Koçak, E., Özdemir, M. 2012. Parasitic Hymenoptera reared from the insects on Heracleum platytaenium Boiss. (Apiaceae) with new faunistic and biological records. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 36(2): 201-208.

Kumar, R., Sharma, P.L. 2016. Studies on diversity and abundance of parasitoids of Chromatomyia horticola (Goreau) (Agromyzidae:Diptera) in North western Himalayas, India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 8(4): 2256-2261.

Kumar, R., Sharma, P.L. 2017. New record of Quadrastichus plaquoi (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) as parasitoid of Chromatomyia horticola (Diptera: Agromyzidae). National Academy Science Letters, 40: 9-11.

Mahendran, B., Agnihotri, M. 2013. Natural parasitism of agromyzid leafminer, Chromatomyia horticola (Goureau) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) on field pea . African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8(13): 1174-1179,

Noyes JS 2021. Universal Chalcidoidea database, http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/chalcidoids (acces date: 25.06.2021)

Ölmez Bayhan, S., Kaplan, M.., Bayhan, E. 2016. Agromyzid (Diptera) species and their parasitoids. International Engineering, Science and Education Conference.December 1-3, Diyarbakı, Turkey, 317-322.

Rauf, A. Sphepard BM Johnson MW 2000 Leafminers in vegetables, ornamental plants and weed in Indonesia: survey of host crops, species composition and parasitoids. International Journal of Pest Management. 46: 257-266.

Spencer, K.A. 1973. Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. Series Entomologica. Vol 9. Kluwer, Dordrecht.

Uygun, N., Polatöz, Z., Başpına, H. 1995. Faunistic studies on Agromyzidae (Diptera) in the South east Mediterranean region of Turkey. Turkish. Journal of . Entomology, 19: 123-136.

Yefremova, Z., Strakhova, I., Kravchenko, V., Tschirhaus, M., Yegorenkova, E. 2015. Parasitoid complex (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) of the leaf-mining fly Chromatomyia horticola (Goureau) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in Russia. Phytoparasitica, 43: 125–134.

Downloads

Published

2022-03-25

How to Cite

ARISOY, N. ., & GENÇER, L. (2022). Chalcidoid Parasitoids of Chromatomyia horticola (Gouraiu) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) on Field Sunflower in Turkey. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 6(1), 131–135. https://doi.org/10.46291/ISPECJASvol6iss1pp131-135

Issue

Section

Articles