The Effect of Different Foliar Biostimulant Treatment Programs on the Quality and Post-Harvest Durability of Cherry Fruits ‘0900 Ziraat’
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Keywords:Prunus avium, plant nutrition, fruit size, firmness, storage
The size of cherry fruits is one of the most important quality parameters and it is desirable that the cherry fruits to be exported should be large. In this study, it was aimed to determine the effects of different foliar biostimulant treatment programs on fruit size, quality, and post-harvest durability of cherry trees. Foliar treatments were applied to cherry trees of ‘0900 Ziraat’ with programs created by combining Nutri Activ (NA, 2 mL L-1), Multi-K (MK, 2 mL L-1), Nutri Growth (NG, 2 mL L-1), Glofert 30.10.10 (GL, 2 g L-1) and Flozin (FL, 1.5 g L-1) in 3 different periods, immediately after fruit set, fruits in chickpea size and color turning stage. In the commercial program, GA3 (20 ppm) and Sweet (3 ml L-1) were applied at the stage of chickpea size and color turning, respectively and those that were not treated were accepted as controls. Some measurements and analyzes were done after harvest and 21 days of storage of cherry fruits harvested during the complete maturation period. The treatment of the NA, NG+GL, MK+FL (RZ 3) and NA, NG+GL, MK+FL+NG+GL (RZ 4) programs increased the diameter and total soluble solids (TSS) content of cherry fruits, and the treatment of the RZ 3 program increased the firmness. When all the data were evaluated, it was found that the treatment of the RZ 3 program was successful because it increased the fruit diameter, firmness and the TSS content and maintained these positive effects after storage.
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