Germination Characteristics and Seedling Development of Hungarian Vetch (Vicia pannonica Crantz.) in Different Priming Application


Abstract views: 37 / PDF downloads: 31

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6962183

Keywords:

Hungarian vetch, priming, soaking time, germination, seedling, smoke solution

Abstract

In the study, 3 different priming processes at different soaking times were applied in order to promote germination and seedling characteristics of Hungarian vetch (Vicia pannonica Crantz.), which is one of the high quality forage sources. Distilled water, smoke solution obtained from oat straw (1%) and rock salt (1%) were used as the priming source and each was applied to the seeds at 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8 hours soaking times. At the end of the soaking times, the dried seeds were left to germinate under controlled conditions. At the end of the experiment, germination percentage, germination rate, shoot length, root length, seedling fresh and dry weight and shoot strength were determined. The effects of priming source, soaking time and interactions on the investigated properties were significant. Priming with distilled water and rock salt was effective in terms of germination parameters and seedling characteristics. Although the smoke solution had a negative effect on the germination properties, it was found to have a higher positive effect on the shoot power, fresh and dry weight compared to other priming sources. In terms of soaking time, it was determined that 2 and 4 hours of priming increased the fresh and dry weight of the seedlings. As a result, it has been shown that three priming processes applied with a 2-hour soaking time is suitable for Hungarian vetch.

References

Adak, T., Kumar, J., Shakil, N.A. and Pandey, S. 2016. Role of nano orange amphiphilic polymers in seed quality enhancement of soybean and ımidacloprid retention capacity on seed coatings. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 96(13): 4351-4357.

Al-Karaki, G.N., Al-Momani, N. 2011. Evaluation of some barley cultivars for green fodder production and water use efficiency under hydroponic conditions. Jordan J. Agric. Sci., 7(3): 448-457.

Aydınoğlu, B., Shabani, A., Safavi, S.M. 2019. Impact of priming on seed germination, seedling growth and gene expression in common vetch under salinity stress. Cellular and Molecular Biology (Noisy-le-Grand, France), 65(3): 18-24.

Bailly, C., Benamar, A., Corbineau, F., Come, D. 1998. Free radical scavenging as affected by accelerated aging and subsequent priming in sunflower seeds. Physiologia Plantarum, 104: 646-652.

Basaran, U., Dogrusoz, M., Gulumser, E., Mut, H. 2019. Using smoke solutions in grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) to improve germination and seedling growth and to reduce toxic compound ODAP. Turk. J. Agric. For., 43: 518-526.

Bewley, J.D. 1997. Seed germination and dormancy. The Plant Cell, 9: 1055-1066.

Czabator, F.J. 1962. Germination value: An index combining speed and completeness of pine seed germination. Forest Science, 8: 386-395.

Dixon, K.W., Merritt, D.J., Flematti, G.R., Ghisalberti, E.L. 2009. Karrikinolide – a phytoreactive compound derived from smoke with applications in horticulture, ecological restoration and agriculture. Acta Hortic., 813: 155-170.

Dogrusoz, M., Gulumser, E., Basaran, U., Mut, H. 2019. The effect of smoke solutions on the germination and seedling growth of common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) and grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.). 2nd International Scientific Research Congress, 27-29 September, Kayseri. pp. 97-105.

Dogrusöz, M., Basaran, U., Gülümser, E., Mut, H. 2021. Hidroponik Mürdümük Üretimde Bitkisel Kaynaklı Duman Solüsyonlarının Etkisi. Anadolu Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 36(2): 227-233.

Duman, İ. 2005. Tohumlarda kaliteyi iyileştirici uygulamalar, E.Ü. Tohum Teknoloji Uygulama ve Araştırma Merkezi Yayınları, (2), İzmir, 559-636.

Elkoca, E. 2007. Priming: ekim öncesi tohum uygulamaları. Atatürk Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 38(1): 113-120.

Erbaş Köse, Ö.D., Kardeş, Y.M., Karaer, M., Mut, Z. 2019. Yeşil mercimek (Lens culinaris Medik.) çeşitlerinde farklı priming uygulamalarının çimlenme ve fide gelişimi üzerine etkileri. Bilecik Şeyh Edebali Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 6 (Prof. Dr. Fuat SEZGİN Bilim Yılı Özel Sayısı): 247-255.

Gardner, M.J., Dalling, K.J., Light, M.E., van Staden, J.A.K. 2001. Does smoke substitute for red light in the germination of light-sensitive lettuce seeds by affecting gibberellin metabolism? S. Afr. J. Bot., 67: 636-640.

Ghebrehiwot, H.M., Kulkarni, G.M., Kirkman, K.P., Van Staden, J. 2012. Smoke and heat: influence on seedling emergence from the germinable soil seed bank of mesic grassland in South Africa. Plant Growth Regul., 66: 119-127.

Giri, G.S. Schillinger, W.F. 2003. Seed priming winter wheat for germination, emergence, and yield. Crop Sci., 43: 2135-2141.

Halpin-Ingham, B., Sundstrom, F.J. 1992. Pepper seed water content, germination response and respiration following priming treatments. Seed Science and Technology, 20: 589-596.

Harris, D., Joshi, A., Khan, P.A., Gothkar, P., Sodhi, P.S. 1999. On-farm seed priming in semi-arid agriculture: Development and evaluation in corn, rice and chickpea in India using participatory methods. Exp. Agric., 35: 15-29.

Heydecker, W., Gibbins, B.M. 1978. Priming of seeds. Acta Hort, (83): 213-217.

Hsu, J.L., Sung, J.M., 1997. Antioxidant role of glutathione associated with accelerated aging and hydration of triploid watermelon seeds. Physiologia Plantarum, 100: 967-974.

Jefferson, L.V., Pennacchio, M., Havens, K., Forsberg, B., Sollenberger, D. 2008. Ault J Ex situ germination responses of Midwestern USA prairie species to plant-derived smoke. Am. Midl. Nat., 159: 251-256.

Karadaş, K., Olgun, M, Turgut, B., Küçüközdemir, Ü., Gülseven, D. 2006. Erzurum yöresinde organik tarımda buğday ve fiğ yetiştiriciliği. Türkiye 3. Organik Tarım Sempozyumu. I Bildiriler, Yalova Atatürk Bahçe Kültürleri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü, 1-4 Kasım 2006, ss: 75-84.

Karta, K.. Kalsa, Tomer, R.P.S., Bekele, A. 2011. Effects of storage duration and hydro-priming on seed germination and vigour of Common vetch. Journal of Science and Development, 1(1): 65-73.

Kayaçetin, F., Efeoğlu, B., Alizadeh, B. 2018. Effect of NaCl and PEG-Induced osmotic stress on germination and seedling growth properties in wild mustard (Sinapis arvensis L.). Anadolu J. of AARI, 28(1): 62-68.

Khan, A.A. 1992. Preplant Physiological Seed Conditioning. Horticultural Reviews, 13: 131-181.

Lindon, H.L., Menges, E. 2008. Effects of smoke on seed germination of twenty species of fire-prone habitats in Florida. Castanea, 73: 106-110.

McDonald, M.B. 1999. Seed deterioration: Physiology, repair and assesment. Seed Science and Technology, 27: 177-237.

Muhamadi, G.R. 2009. The effect of seed priming on plant traits of late-spring seeded soybean (Glycine max L.). Am-Euras. J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 5: 322-326.

Önal Aşçı, Ö., Üney, H. 2016. Farklı tuz yoğunluklarının macar fiğinde (Vicia pannonica Crantz) çimlenme ve bitki gelişimine etkisi. Akademik Ziraat Dergisi, 5(1): 29-34.

Özbek, A., Basaran, U., Dogrusöz, M. 2021. Germination and Seedling Growth of Some Turfgrass Species Exposed to Smoke Solutions. Yuzuncu Yıl University Journal of the Institute of Natural & Applied Sciences, 26(3): 114-122.

Parera, C.A., Cantliffe, D.J. 1994. Presowing seed priming. Horticultural Reviews, 16: 109-141.

Rashid, A., Harris, D., Hollington, P., Ali, S., 2004. On-farm seed priming reduces yield losses of mungbean (Vigna radiata) associated with mungbean yellow mosaic virus in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Crop Protection, 23: 1119-1124.

Seydoşoğlu, S. 2014. Diyarbakır Ekolojik Koşullarında Bazı Macar Fiği Genotiplerinin Verim ve Verim Unsurlarının Belirlenmesi. Türk Doğa ve Fen Dergisi, 1(3): 49-54.

Snapp, S., Price, R., Morton M. 2008. Seed Priming of Winter Annual Cover Crops Improves Germination and Emergence. Agronomy Journal, 100(5): 1506-1510.

Subedi, K.D., Ma B.L., 2005. Ear Position, Leaf Area, and Celep H., 2006. Ear Position, Leaf Area, and Contribution of Individual Leaves to Grain Yield in Conventional and Leafy Maize Hybrids. Crop Sci. 45: 22462257.

Taylor, A., Allen, P.S., Bennett, M.A., Bradford, K.J., Burris, J.S. and Misra, M.K. 1998. Seed enhancements. Seed Science Research, 8(2): 245-256.

Tiryaki, İ., Korkmaz, A., Ozbay, N., Nas, N.M. 2004. Priming in the presence of plant growth regulators hastens germination and seedling emergence of dormant Annual Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) Seeds. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 3(5): 655-659.

Turk, M.A., Rahman, A., Tawaha, M., Lee, K.D. 2004. Seed germination and seedling growth of three lentil cultivars under moisture stress. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 3(3): 394-397.

TÜİK, 2021. https://data.tuik.gov.tr/Katego ri/GetKategori?p=tarim-111&dil=1 (Erişim tarihi: 16.02.2022)

Uzun, F., Aydın, İ. 2004. Improving germination rate of Medicago and Trifolium species, Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 3(6): 714-717.

Van Staden, J., Jäger, A.K., Light, M.E., Burger, B.V. 2004. Isolation of the majör germination cue from plant-derived smoke. S. Afr. J. Bot., 70: 654-659.

Published

2022-09-07

How to Cite

ÇOPUR DOĞRUSÖZ, M., BAŞARAN, U. ., MUT, H. ., & GÜLÜMSER, E. . (2022). Germination Characteristics and Seedling Development of Hungarian Vetch (Vicia pannonica Crantz.) in Different Priming Application. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 6(3), 437–447. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6962183

Issue

Section

Articles