New Approaches to the Pathogencity of Fungal Diseases on Olive Leaves
Abstract views: 9 / PDF downloads: 14
Keywords:Olea europaea, fungi, olive, leaf diseases, pathogenicity, alternative method, glass jar pathogenicity method
Olive is a species of Olea europaea Linnaeus belonging to the genus Olea, which is the edible fruit of the Oleaceae family in the form of a bush, which is very long-lived and does not lose its productivity throughout its life. Since olive cultivation is mostly done in the Mediterranean basin, our country has also played an important role in olive cultivation. Fungal factors that cause disease in olive production areas cause significant yield and quality losses in the plant. Diseases such as Verticillium wilt (Verticillium dahliae), Ringed spot (Spilocaea oleaginea=Cycloconium oleaginum), anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz.) Penz. & Sacc. (syn. Gloeosporium olivarum Alm.) It also increases in our country and causes significant problems. Since it has leaves that can be considered narrow and small due to its form, there are sometimes great difficulties in pathogenicity tests performed on the leaves of the plant in order to determine fungal agents. In this study, it is thought that this method, which was developed by placing wet cotton-wrapped shoots in jars, as an alternative to the three existing pathogenicity methods, can be considered as a suitable option in order to eliminate the existing application difficulties in pathogenicity studies.
Carlucci, A., Raimondo, M.L., Cibelli, F., Phillips, A.J.L., Lops, F. 2013. Pleurostomophora richardsiae, Neofusicoccum parvum and Phaeoacremonium aleophilum associated with a decline of olives in southern Italy. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 52: 517–527.
Cherrab, M., Bennani, A., Charest, P.M., Serrhini, M.N. 2002. Pathogenicity and vegetative compatibility of Verticillium dahliae Kleb. isolates from olive in Morocco. Journal of Phytopathology, 150(11‐12): 703-709.
Chliyeh, M., Achbani, E., Rhimini, Y., Selmaoui, K., Touhami, A. O., Filali-Maltouf, A., Douira, A. 2014. Pathogenicity of four fungal species on fruits and leaves of the olive tree (Olea europaea L.). International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience, 2(4): 1-9.
El, S.N., Karakaya, S. 2009. Olive tree (Olea europaea) leaves:potential beneficial effects on human health. Nutrition reviews, 67(11): 632-638.
FAO, 2021. Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations Statistics. web: http://www.fao. org/faostat3.fao.org/d ownload/Q/QC/E (Erişim Tarihi: 20.08.2021).
Floor, H.H. 1971. Current status of the gene-for-gene concept. Annual Reviews of Phytopathology 9:275-296.
Ghanbari R., Anwar F., Alkharfy K.M., Gilani A.H., Saari, N. 2012. Valuable nutrients and functional bioactives in different parts of olive (Olea europaea L.). A review. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 13(3): 3291–3340.
Gooch, E. 2005. Ten plus one things you may not know about olive. Epikouria Magazine.
Korukmez, N., Yildiz, F., Yayla, S., Gencer, R., Akpinar, O. 2020. First report of fruit rot caused by Botryosphaeria dothidea on olive in Turkey. The Journal of Plant Pathology, 102, 537.
Kumar, V., Haldar, S., Pandey, K.K., Singh, R.P., Singh, A.K., Singh, P.C. 2008. Cultural, morphological, pathogenic and molecular variability amongst tomato isolates of Alternaria solani in India. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 24(7): 1003-1009.
Kurbetli, I., Sülü, G., Tastekin, E. and Polat, I. 2016. First report of Phytophthora inundata causing olive tree decline in Turkey. Can. The Journal of Plant Pathology, 38: 254–257.
López-Escudero, F.J., Mercado-Blanco, J. 2011. Verticillium wilt of olive: a case study to implement an integrated strategy to control a soil-borne pathogen. Plant and Soil, 344(1): 1-50.
Moral, J., Mu˜noz-díez, C., Gonz´alez, N., Trapero, A., Michailides, T.J. 2010. Characterization and pathogenicity of Botryosphaeriaceae species collected from olive and other hosts in Spain and California. Phytopathology 100: 1340–1351.
Nurnberger, T., Brunner, F., Kemmerling, B., Piater, L. 2004. Innate immunity in plants and animals: striking similarities and obvious differences. Immunology Reviews 198: 249–266.
Pekcan, T., Esetlili, B.Ç., Karaman, H.T., Yaman, Ş., Hakan, M. 2021. Gemlik zeytin (Olea europaea L.) çeşidinde farklı potasyumlu gübre uygulamalarının besin element içerikleri üzerine etkileri. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 5(3): 728-740.
Phillips, A.J.L., Rumbos, I.C., Alves, A., Correia, A. 2005. Morphology and phylogeny of Botryosphaeria dothidea causing fruit rot of olives. Mycopathologia 159: 433–439.
Ryan, D., Robards, K. 1998. Phenolic compounds in olives. Analyst 123: 31R–44R.
Slippers, B., Wingfield, M.J. 2007. Botryosphaeriaceae as endophytes and latent pathogens of woody plants: diversity, ecology and impact. Fungal Biology Reviews,. 21: 90–106.
Taylor, R.K., Hale, C.N., Hartill, W.F.T. 2001. A stem canker disease of olive (Olea europaea) in New Zealand. The New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 29: 219–228.
Tjamos, E.C. 1993. Prospects and strategies in controlling verticillium wilt of olive 1. EPPO Bulletin, 23(3): 505-512.
Trouillas, F.P., Nouri, M.T., Lawrence, D.P., Moral, J., Travadon, R., Aegerter, B.J., Lightle, D. 2019. Identification and characterization of Neofabraea kienholzii and Phlyctema vagabunda causing leaf and shoot lesions of olive in California. Plant Disease, 103: 3018–3030.
Topaklı, F., Hepaksoy, S. 2019. Overall assessment of the molecular analysis of olives in Turkey. Yuzuncu Yıl University Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 29: 362–372.
Triki, M.A., Krid HadjTaieb, S., Cheffi, M., Gharbi, Y., Rhouma, A. 2015. First report of dieback of olive trees caused by Neofusicoccum australe in Tunisia. The Journal of Plant Pathology, 97: 209–220.
TÜİK, 2021. Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu, bitkisel üretim istatistikleri, web:http://tuik.gov.tr/PreIstatistikTablo.do?istab_id=1073 (Erişim Tarihi: 15.04.2022).
Úrbez-Torres, J.R., Penduto, F., Vossen, P.M., Krueger, W.H., Gubler, W.D. 2013. Olive twig and branch dieback: etiology, incidence, and distribution in California. Plant Disease 97: 231–244.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.