The Effect of Sumac Supplementation on Egg Yield and Egg Quality in Layer Quails

Abstract views: 133 / PDF downloads: 84




Coturnix coturnix japonica, diet, egg production, Rhus coriaria L, yolk colour


This study was carried out to determine the effect of adding different amounts of sumac to layer quail diets on egg production and some egg quality characteristics. In the study, 60 days aged 76 female quail were used. Quails were randomly distributed in individual cages, with 4 groups and each group has 19 quails. Thus, this study was carried out in a total of 4 groups; 1 control and 3 experimental groups. The mixed feeds of the experimental groups were prepared by adding sumac at the amount of, 0% (Control Group), 1% (Group I), 2% (Group II) and 3% (Group III). The trial was completed in 8 weeks. Sumac supplementation did not affect egg weight and feed efficiency in layer quails. Addition of 3% sumac 1-4, 4-8, 1-8 increased feed consumption between weeks. Egg production between 1-4 and 1-8 weeks increased significantly in the group with 2% sumac. It was determined that the addition of sumac significantly improved egg yolk weight, albumin weight, egg yolk color and Haugh unit; It was observed that it did not affect egg shell weight, shell thickness, albumen index, yolk index, shape index and egg specific gravity. As a result, it was concluded that the addition of sumac to the laying quail diets did not have any negative effects on performance and some egg quality, but resulted in positivly in terms of egg quality parameters.


Abu-Reıdah, I.M., Alı-Shtayeh, M.S, Jamous, R.M., Arraez-Román D., Segura-Carretero, A. 2015. HPLC–DAD–ESI-MS/MS screening of bioactive components from Rhus coriaria L. (Sumac) fruits. Food chemistry, 166:179-191.

Ahmadıan, A., Seıdavı, A., Phıllıps, C.J. 2020. Growth, carcasscomposition, haematolog yandimmunity of broiler supplemented with sumac berries (Rhuscoriaria L) and Thyme(Thymusvulgaris) Animals, 10(3): 513.

Allouı, M.N., Agabou, A., Andallouı, N. 2014. Application of herbs and phytogenic feed additives in poultry production-a review. Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research, 2:234-243.

AOAC.1990. Official methods of analysis ( 15th ed.). Arlington, VA: Association of Official Agricultural Chemists.

Arpasova, H., Kacanıova, M., Galık, B., Čuboň, J., Mellen, M. 2014. The effect of oregano essential oil and Rhus coriaria L. on selected performance parameters of laying hens. Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies, 47(1): 12-16.

Cakmak, M. 2018. Effects of the addıtıon of sumac extract on growth performance, serum bıochemıstry and ıntestınal mıcrobıoata ın broılers at dıfferent stockıng densıtıes. Dicle University Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, 1-39.

Englmaıerova, M., Bubancova, I., Skrıvan, M. 2014. Carotenoids and egg quality. Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica, 17: 55–57.

Erısır, Z., Gulcıhan S. U., Cıftcı, M., Yıldız, N., Dalkılıc, B. 2015. The effects of orange peel oil and sex ratio on egg production and egg characteristics in laying quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Fırat University Veterinary Journal of Health Sciences, 29 (1): 23 – 30.

Fazeli, M. R., G. Amin, M. M. A. Attari, H. Ashtiani, H. Jamalifar, and N. Samadi. 2007. Antimicrobial activities of ıranian sumac and avishan-e shirazi (Zataria Multiflora) against some food-borne bacteria. Food Control, 18: 646–649.

Ghasemı, R., Faghanı, M., Reza, J., P., Khonmırzaıe, N., Rahımıan, Y. 2014. Using sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) extract affect performance and intestinal characteristics of broiler chicks. Journal Agricultural Science, 4 (8): 442-445.

Golzadeh, M. P., Farhoomandand, M., Daneshyar. 2012. Dietary rhus coriaria l. powder reducesthe blood cholesterol, VLDL-c and Glucose, but ıncreases abdominal fat in broilers. South African Journal of Animal Science, 42(4): 398-405.

Gumus, H., Oguz, M. N., Bugdayci, K. E., Oguz, F. K. 2018. Effects of sumac and turmeric as feed additives on performance, egg quality traits, and blood parameters of laying hens. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 47.

Ipek, H., I. Yerturk, M., Avcı, M. 2003. The effect of different amounts of zinc and copper supplementation on egg production and some blood parameters in laying period quail diets. Van Veterinary Journal, 14 (1): 65-68.

Irmak, E. 2019. Investıgatıon of antıoxıdant capacıty of mulberry and sumac products from dıfferent regıons. Master’s Thesis, 1-91.

Kahraman, A. 2008. Effects of supplemental methıonıne and magnesıum on egg productıon and egg qualıty ın layıng hens. Master’s Thesis, 1-38.

Kheırı, F., Rahıman, Y., Nasr, J. 2015. Application of sumac and dried whey in female broiler feed. Archives Animal Breeding, 58(1): 205-210.

Kırar, N., Bılal, O., Das, A., Koyuncu, I., Avcı, M. Bozkaya, F., and Tufan, T. 2020. Effects of dietary addition of different rates sumac (Rhus Coriaria L.) powder on growth performance, meat quality, carcass composition and oxidative stress markers of japanese quail. Journal of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of the University of Harran 9(2): 177-182.

Lokaewmanee, K., Mompanuon, S., Khumpeerawat, P., Yamauchı, K. 2009. Effects of dietary mulberry leaves on egg yolk color. The journal of poultry science, 46: 112-115.

Mansoub, N. H. 2011. Effect of different levels of sumac powder (Rhus Coriaria L.) on performance, carcassand blood parameters of broiler chickens. Annals of Biological Research, 2(5): 647-652.

NRC, U. 1994. Science and judgment in risk assessment. Washington: National Academy of Sciences, Whashington, USA.

Ozcan, M., M., Unver, A., Arslan, D., Kosar M. 2007. Research on the detailed biology, composition and use of sumac (Rhuscoriaria L.) fruit from different regions in the production of oleoresin. TUBITAK Project, Konya.

Rose, S. P. 2005. Principles of poultry science. CAB İnternational. UK. 135p.

Sabır, S.P. 2014. The use of sumac (Rhuscoriaria L.) as a feed additive in Japanese quail diet. Master’s Thesis. 1-45.

Salıh, Y.G. 2015. Effect of dıfferentlevels of sumac (Rhus coriaria) and gınger (Zingiber officinale) powders on egg qualıty, yolk cholesterol, and yolk fatty acıd composıtıonın layıng hens. Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam Unıversıty, Master Thesıs.1-84.

Sengul, A. 2021. Effect of supplementation of red beetroot powder in quail diets. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 91:1.

Senkoylu, N., 2001. Modern chicken production. 3rd Edition, Istanbul, 538 p.

Setorki, M., Rafieian, M., Heidarian, E., Ghatreh, K., Shahinfard, N., Ansari, R., Forouzandeh, Z. 2012. Effect of Rhus coriaria consumption with high cholesterol food on some atherosclerosis risk factors in rabbit. J Babol University of Medical Sci., 14:38- 45.

Shıdfar, F., Rahıdeh, S.T., Rajab, A. 2014. The effect of sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) Powder on serum glycemic status. ApoB. ApoA-I and total antioxidant capacity in type 2 diabetic Patients. Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 13(4):1249-1255.

Singleton, V.L., Orthofer, R. & Lamuela-Raventos, M. 1999. Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of folin-ciocalteu reagent. Methods in Enzymology, 299:152-178.

SPSS I. 1999. SPSS for Windows. Chicago, Illinois.

TSE 1991. Animal Feed-Metabolic (Reversible) Energy Determination (Chemical Method). TSE No: 9610, Turkish Standards Institute, Ankara.




How to Cite

DOĞAN DAŞ, B., KIRAR, N. ., BİLAL, O. ., DAŞ, A., AVCI, M. ., BOZKAYA, F., & TUFAN, T. (2022). The Effect of Sumac Supplementation on Egg Yield and Egg Quality in Layer Quails. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 6(4), 657–666.