The Efficiency of Priming and Seed Coating Based on Organic Compounds in Seedling Growth and Traits of Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)
Abstract views: 275 / PDF downloads: 169
Keywords:seed coating, priming, alfalfa, seedling growth
Priming and seed coating processes are becoming increasingly common in modern agriculture. Although the priming process is used in many plants, seed coating is mostly applied to small seeds. In the present study, an economical and ecological seed coating method was tried to be developed for alfalfa by using completely natural or organic components. The same cultivar (Bilensoy) and seed were used in all treatments, and the results were compared with normal and commercially coated seed. Distilled water 1% smoke solution (DS) obtained from St. John's Wort (Hypericum heterophyllum) and two saline (NaCl) solutions (50 mM “TC1” and 100 mM “TC2”) were used for priming. Clay, ash and lime were used as coating material. In all applied treatments, a faster ground-cover potential was observed compared to normal and commercially coated seed. The seedling characteristics and content of seeds that were only coated did not change much compared to the normal seed. However, when priming + coating processes were applied together, significant (p<0.01) and positive improvements were recorded in the seedling development and chemical structure of shoots of alfalfa seeds. In terms of germination and seedling characteristics, DS and especially saline solutions (TC1 and TC2) were more effective than pure water for priming. No adverse events were detected regarding the coating components and the amount used. As a result; seedling growth and characteristics of alfalfa which primed with TC1 or TC2 then coated with clay (20%), ash (20%), lime (20%) and clay+lime (20+20%), respectively, at half of the seed weight, were sperior than normal or commercially coated seeds.
Abu, Y., Romo, J.T., Bai, Y., Coulman, B. 2016. Priming seeds in aqueous smoke solutions to improve seed germination and biomass production of perennial forage species. Can. J. Plant Sci., 96: 551-563.
Açıkgöz, E. 2001. Yem Bitkileri, Uludağ Üniversitesi Güçlendirme Vakfı, Yayın No: 182. Bursa.
Ashraf, M., Foolad, M.R. 2005. Pre-sowing seed treatment - a shotgun approach to ımprove germination, plant growth and crop yield under saline and non-saline conditions. Adv. Agron., 88: 223-271.
Bajehbaj, A.A. 2010. The effects of NaCl priming on salt tolerance in sunflower germination and seedling grown under salinity conditions. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9 (12): 1764-1770.
Bakht, J., Shafi, M., Shah, R. 2011. Response of maize cultivars to various priming sources. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 43: 205-212.
Başaran, U. , Doğrusöz, M. Ç., Gülümser, E., Mut, H. 2019. Using smoke solutions in grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) to ımprove germination and seedling growth and reduce toxic compound ODAP, Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 43(6): 518-526.
Berger, K.C. 1949. Boron in soils and crops. Adv. in Agron., 1: 321 351.
Bicakci, T., Aksu, E., Arslan. M. 2018. Effect of seed coating on germination, emergence and early seedling growth in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) under salinity conditions. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 27(10): 6978-6984.
Corlett, F.M.F., Rufino, C.A., Vieira, J.F, Tavares, L.C., Tunes, L.V.M., Barros, A.C.S.A. 2014. The influence of seed coating on the vigor and early seedling growth of barley. Cien. Inv. Agr., 41(1): 129-136.
Çopur Doğrusöz, M. Başaran, U., Gülümser, E., Mut, H. 2021. Hidroponik mürdümük üretimde bitkisel kaynaklı duman solüsyonlarının etkisi. Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 36 (2): 227-233.
Dixon, K.W., Merritt, D.J., Flematti, G.R., Ghisalberti, E.L. 2009. Karrikinolide - a phytoreactive compound derived from smoke with applications ın horticulture, ecological restoration and agriculture. Acta Hortic., 813: 155-170.
Doğan, T., Zeybek, A. 2009. Improving the traditional sesame seed planting with seed pelleting. African Journal of Biotechnology, 8(22): 6120-6126.
Drewes, F.E., Smith, M.T., van Staden, J. 1995. The effect of a plant-derived smoke extract ın the germination of light sensitive lettuce seed. Plant Growth Regulator, 16: 205-209.
Duman, İ., Gökçöl, A., Tuncel, G., Akçalı, G. 2011. Biber tohumlarının kalite özelliklerinin iyileştirilmesinde tohum kaplama uygulamasından yararlanma olanakları, Türkiye IV Tohumculuk Kongresi, 14-17 Haziran, Samsun, 11-16.
Dumanoğlu Z., Öztürk, G. 2022. The effect of film coating application on some physical properties of potato seeds. ISPEC Journal. 6(3):638-643.
Flematti, G.R., Ghisalberti, E.L., Dixon, K.W., Trengove, R.D. 2004. A compound from smoke that promotes seed germination. Science, 305(5686): 977.
Gardner, M.J., Dalling, K.J., Light, M.E., Jäger, A.K., van Staden, J. 2001. Does smoke substitute for red light ın the germination of light-sensitive lettuce seeds by affecting gibberellin metabolism?, South African Journal of Botany, 67: 636-640.
Gevrek, M.N., Atasoy, G.D., Yigit, A. 2012. Growth and yield response of rice (Oryza sativa L.) to different seed coating agents. Int. J. Agric. Biol., 14: 826-830.
Hakeem, A., Liu, Y., Zhang, L., Jiang, D. 2017. Induction of osmotic stress resistance by seed osmo-priming in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) during post-germinative stages. Seed Science and Technology, 45(2): 485-498.
Hill, H. J. 1999. Recent developments in seed technology. Journal of New Seeds, 1(1): 105-112.
Hong, E., Kang, H. 2011. Effect of smoke and aspirin stimuli on the germination and growth of alfalfa and broccoli. Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 10(2):1918-1926.
Javed, T., Afzal, I. 2020. Impact of seed pelleting on germination potential, seedling growth and storage of tomato seed. Acta Hortic., 1273: 417-424.
Keeley, J.E. 1993. Smoke-induced flowering ın the fire-lily cyrtanthus ventricosus. South African Journal of Botany, 59: 638-639.
Khan, M.B., Hussaın, M., Raza, Abıd., Farooq, S., Jabran, K. 2015 Seed priming with CaCl2 and ridge planting for improved drought resistance in maize. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 39(2): 193-203.
Murphy, W.M., Dugdale D.T., Ross. D.S. 1984. Fertilizer and lime-pellet requirements for seed of white clover used for ımproving permanent pastures. Grass and Forage Science, 39: 281-284.
Pill, W.G., Necker, A.D. 2001. The effects of seed treatments on germination and establishment of kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratense). Seed Sci. Technol., 29: 65-72.
Radovic, J., Sokolovic, D., Markovic, J. 2009. Alfalfa-most important perennial forage legume in animal husbandry. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 25: 465-475.
Rufino, C.A., Tavares, L.C., Brunes, A.P., Lemes, E.S., Villela, F.A. 2013. Treatment of wheat seed with zinc, fungicide, and polymer seed quality and yield. J. Seed Sci., 35 (1): 106-112.
Samac, D.A., Schraber, S, Barclay, S. 2015. A mineral seed coating for control of seedling diseases of alfalfa suitable for organic production systems. Plant Dis., 99(5): 614-620.
Sharifzadeh, F., Heidari Zolleh, H., Mohamadi, H., Janmohamadi, M. 2006. Study of Osmotic Priming Effects on Wheat (Triticum aestivum) germination in different temperatures and local seed masses. Journal of Agronomy, 5: 647-650.
Shewmaker, G.E., Hopwood, M.H., Roemer, R.L. 2002. Implications of seeding rates and seed coating with improved alfalfa varieties. Published In: Proceedings, Western Alfalfa and Forage Conference, 11-12 December, Reno.
Sikhoa, P., Taylor, G.A., Marino, E.T., Catranis, C.M., Siri, B. 2015. Development of seed aggromeration technology using lettuce and tomato as model vegetable crop seeds, Scientia Horticulturae, (184): 85-92.
Sivritepe, N., Sivritepe, H.O., Eris, A. 2003. The effects of NaCl priming on salt tolerance in melon seedlings grown under saline conditions. Scientia Horticulturae, 97: 229-237.
Sparg, S.G., Kulkarni, M.G., van Staden, J. 2006. Aerosol smoke and smoke-water stimulation of seedling vigor of a commercial maize cultivar. Crop Science, 46: 1336-1340.
Suttie, J. M. 2000. Hay Crops-legumes and Pulses. In: Hay and Straw Conservation-For Small-Scale Farming and Pastoral Conditions. FAO Plant Production and Protection Series No. 29, FAO, Rome.
Süheri, S., Kutlar Yaylalı, İ., Yavuz, D., Yavuz, N. 2019. The effect of sodium chloride salinity on coated and uncoated alfalfa seeds germination. Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi, 23(1): 31-38.
Tavares, L.C., Rufino, C.A., Brunes, A.P., Friedrich, F.F., Barros, A.C.S.A., Villela, F.A. 2013. Physiological performance of wheat seeds coated with micronutrients. Jounal of Seed Science, 35 (1): 28-34.
Taylor, A.G., Eckenrode, C.J. 1993. Seed coating technologies to apply tngard for the control of onion maggot and to reduce pesticide application: in Efforts pertinent to the integrated pest management effort at Cornell University, NYS IPM Publication 117, p:73-78.
Taylor, J.L.S., Van Staden, J. 1996. Root initiation in Vigna radiata (L) Wilczek hypocotyl cuttings is stimulated by smoke-derived extracts, J. Plant Growth Regul., 18 (3):165-168.
Van Staden, J., Jäger, A.K., Light, M.E., Burger, B.V. 2004. Isolation of the majör germination cue from plant-derived smoke. SouthAfrican Journal of Botany, 70: 654-659.
Waldo, J. 2009. Alfalfa seed coatings & treatments: using technology to establish more healthy plants per acre, (Date of Access: http://www.midwestforage.org/pdf/365.pdf.pdf
Wu, P., Song, S., Zhang, F., Yu, Y., Li, L., Zhang, H., Ding, H. 2018. Effects of technological process on quality of encrusted chinese cabbage seeds. Sci., 8(2): 111-117.
Yari, L., Aghaalikhani, M., Khazaei., F. 2010. Effect of seed priming duration and temperature on seed germination behavior of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, 5(1): 5-8.
Zelonka, L., Stramkale, V., Vikmane, M. 2005. Effect and after-effect of barley seed ccoating with phosphorus on germination, photosynthetic pigments and grain yield. Acta Univ. Latviensis, 691: 111-119.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.