Growth Performance of Charleston and Hot Pepper Varieties Under Salt Stress
Abstract views: 49 / PDF downloads: 48
Keywords:Pepper, charleston pepper, hot pepper, salt stress, growth parameters
Salinity, which significantly affects plant productivity and quality, disrupts the structure of the soil. The increase in the amount of salt causes stress and stress causes many pauses in the morphological, physiological, cellular and molecular levels, as well as in different development processes in plants. Plants develop various tolerance strategies in response to salt stress. In this study, root stem and leaf weights, root length, stem length, stem diameter and leaf numbers, which are plant growth parameters, of green pepper and green pepper seedlings grown under salt stress were investigated. The research was carried out in a split air-conditioned climate room under controlled conditions for 16/8 hours of light/dark, 70% humidity and 400 micromoles of light. For the seedlings to be treated with salt, NaCl was added to the Hoagland nutrient solution to provide 50 mM salt concentration. Sampling for measurement and analysis was carried out on the 5th, 10th and 15th days of salt application. Although slight regression was observed in plant growth and development at the end of the study, it generally continued to develop under 50 mM NaCl salt pressure. In fact, as the stress period increased, it was observed that the plants recovered, especially in the hot pepper variety.
Çiçek, N., Çakirlar, H. 2002. The effect of salinity on some physiological parameters in two maize cultivars. Bulg J Plant Physiol, 28:66–74
Dağüstü, N. 2003. Ekmeklik buğday (Triticum aestivum L.) çeşitlerinin fide döneminde in vivo koşullarda NaCl stresine dayanma performanslarının belirlenmesi. Türkiye, 5: 13-17.
Greenway, H., Munns, R. 1980. Mechanisms of salt tolerance in nonhallophytes. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol., 31: 149-190.
Güvenç, İ. 2017. Sebzecilik: Temel Bilgiler, Muhafaza ve Yetiştiricilik. Nobel Yayınları, s: 288.
Hu, Y., Schmidhalter, U. 2005. Drought and salinity: a comparison of their effects on mineral nutrition of plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 168(4): 541-549.
Irshad, M., Yamamota, S., Enerji, A. E., Endo, T., Hona, T. 2002. Urea and Manure Effect on Growth and Mineral Contens of Maize Under Saline Conditions, Journal of Plant Nutrition, 25(1): 189-200.
Maas, E.V. 1990. Crop salt tolerance. Agricultural Salinity assessment and management, Am. Soc. Civil eng. manuals and reports on Eng. Practisesi No.71: 262-326.
Maseroh, S., Özel, Ç.A. 2021. Salt tolerance, morphological and anatomical responses of in vitro Indigofera zollingeriana Miq. Seedling, ISPEC Journalof Agr. Sciences 5(4):949-957.
Munns, R., Termaat, A. 1986. Whole-plant responses to salinity. Aust. J. Plant Physiol, 13: 143-160.
Şalk, A., Arın, L., Deveci, M.. Polat, S. 2008. Özel sebzecilik, Namık Kemal Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi, s:448, Tekirdağ.
Taiz, L., Zeiger, E. 2010. Photosynthesis: carbon reactions. Plant physiology. Sunderland, England
Tuteja, N. 2007. Mechanisms of high salinity tolerance in plants. Methods in Enzymology, 428: 419-438.
Üzal, Ö. 2009. Tuz stresi altında yetiştirilen bazı çilek çeşitlerinde jasmonik asitin bitki gelişimi ve antioksidant enzim aktiviteleri üzerine etkisi. Van Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Van.
Üzal, Ö., Yaşar, F., Yıldırım, Ö. 2020. Tuz stresi altındaki biber bitkisindeki kalsiyum uygulamalarının antioksidatif enzim aktivitelerine etkisinin araştırılması. ISPEC Journal of Agr. Sciences 4(2): 346-357.
Üzal, Ö., Yasar, F. 2016 Effects on some plant growth parameters of GA3 applications in pepper plants under salt stress, VII International Scientific Agriculture Symposium, S: 883-888" Agrosym 2016", 6-9 October.
Yasar F. 2007. Effects of salt stress on ıon and lipidperoxidation content in green beans genotypes. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 19(2):1165.
Yasar, F. 2003. Investigation of some antioxidan tenzyme activities in eggplant Genotypes grown under salt stress in vivoand in vitro. Yuzuncu Yil University, Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, PhD Thsis, pp 139, Van.
Yasar, F., Üzal, Ö. 2021. Effect of applicatıons of different potassium (K+) doses on antioxidant enzyme activities in pepper plants under salt stress, Journal of Elementology 26 (4): 905-912
Yasar, F., Üzal, O. 2022. Oxidative stress and antioxidant enzyme activities in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants grown at two different light ıntensities, Gesunde Pflanzen, (in press).
Yasar, F., Üzal, Ö. 2019. Investigation of the effect of calcium applications on plant development of pepper plant in salt stress, X International Agriculture Symposium, Agrosym, Jahorina, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 3-6 October 2019. Proceedings. University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture.
Yaşar, F., Üzal, Ö. 2021. Effects of nitric oxide application on antioxidant enzyme activities of pepper plants under drought stress, ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences 5 (4): 846-853.
Yaşar, F., Ellialtıoğlu, Ş., Kılıç, G., Üzal, Ö. 2007. Fasulye genotiplerinin (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) artan tuz konsantrasyonu ve farklı zamanlardaki gelişim performansları. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 12: 54-58.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.