Study on Some Quality and Morpho-Physiological Traits of Durum Wheat (Triticum durum L. Desf.) Genotypes


Abstract views: 153 / PDF downloads: 96

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7721576

Keywords:

durum wheat, genotype, chlorophyll content, semolina colour, canopy temperature

Abstract

The study was carried out in the experimental field of the Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Tekirdağ Namık Kemal University in 2020-2021. In the study, totally 25 durum wheat genotypes (6 cultivars, 12 advanced lines, and 7 landraces) were used as experimental material. The experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design with 3 replications.  In the study, the grain quality and morpho-physiological traits such as canopy temperature, chlorophyll content, leaf area index, and plant height were investigated in some durum wheat genotypes. The canopy temperature ranged from 23.33-20.43 OC, chlorophyll content 52.53-43.17 SPAD, leaf area index 3.63-1.77, thousand-grain weight 34.67-41.83 g, protein content 14.23-16.33%, test weight 78.93-87.03 kg hl-1, semolina colour 14.88-15.63 and plant height 99.00-75.33 cm in investigated durum wheat genotypes. Hacımestan and Sorgül genotypes for canopy temperature, Atkı 2, NZFM 1 and NZFM 7 genotypes for chlorophyll content, Atkı 2, NZFM 4 and NZFM 1 genotypes for leaf area index, Kıbrıs 2 and Ionia 3 genotypes for plant height, NZFM 1, NZFM 7 and Devedişi 2 genotypes for thousand-grain weight, Atkı 2 and Hacımestan 2  genotypes for protein content, Japiga and Boğacak 2 genotypes for test weight and Japiga, Boğacak, Kızıltan 91 and NZFM 7 genotypes for semolina colour  were determined as promising genotypes.

 

References

Akan, E., Ünsal, N.E., Ünsal A.S., 2021. Kuru koşullarda durum buğday çeşitlerinin verim ve kalitelerini etkileyen önemli parametrelerin belirlenmesi. ISPEC Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 5(1): 246-256.

Alp, A., 2005. Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesi yerel makarnalık çeşitlerinin tarımsal vekalite özellikleri üzerine araştırmalar. Türkiye III. Tarla Bitkileri Kongresi, Adana.

Anonymous, 2020. International Grains Council (IGC). Available online: https://www.igc.int/en/default.aspx (Accessed: 28.10.2022).

Anonymous, 2021. Wheat Bulletin. https://www.tarimorman.gov.tr/-BUGEM/-Belgeler/YATIRIMCI%20REHBER%C4%B0/Bu%C4%9Fday%20May%C4%B1s%20B%C3%BClteni.pdf (Accessed: 28.10.2022) .

Autran, J.C., Bourdet, A., 1979. Identification des verietes de ble:etablissement dun tabloau general de determination fon de sur le diagramme. Annales des plants. 25(3):277- 301.

Bahar, B., Yıldırım, M., Barutcular, C., Genc, I., 2008. Effect of canopy temperature depression on grain yield and yield components in bread and durum wheat. Not. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca. 36 (1): 34-37.

Bavec, M., Vukovıć, K., Grobelnık, M.S., Rozman, Č., Bavec, F., 2008. Leaf area ındex in winter wheat: response on seed rate and nitrogen application by different varieties. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 8(3): 337-341.

Baykara, F., Yıldırım, M., Atak, M., 2022. Determination of yield and quality features of landraces and current durum wheat genotypes under diyarbakır ecological conditions. Dicle University Journal of the Institute of Natural and Applied Science, 11(2): 253-270.

Belagrouz, A., Chennafi, H., Bouzerzour, H., Hakimi, M., Razim, R., Hadj Sahraoui, A., 2018. Relationships among water use efficiency and the physio-agronomic traits in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) cultivars assessed under rainfed conditions of the eastern high plateaus of Algeria. Agriculture and Forestry, 64: 159-172.

Çoşkun, İ., Tekin, M., Akar, T., 2019. Türkiye kökenli diploid ve tetraploid kavuzlu buğday hatlarının bazı agro-morfolojik özellikler bakımından tanımlanması. Uluslararası Tarım ve Yaban Hayatı Bilimleri Dergisi, 5(2): 322-334.

Çoşkun, Y., İlkhan, A., Köten, M., Coşkun, A., 2010. Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesinde yetiştirilen farklı makarnalık buğday çeşitlerinin kalite yönünden değerlendirilmesinde b ve b* renk değerlerinin kullanılabilirliğinin incelenmesi. Harran Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 14(3): 25-29.

Demirel, F., Gurcan, K., Akar, T., 2019. Clustering analysis of morphological and phenological data in einkorn and emmer wheats collected from Kastamonu region. International Journal of Scientific and Technological Research, 5(11): 25-36.

Dhyani, K., Shukla, A., Verma, R.S., 2017. Comparative analysis of changes in leaf area index in different wheat genotypes exposed to high temperature stress by late sown condition. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9 (4): 2410-2413.

Gautam, A., Sai Prasad, S.V., Jajoo, A., Ambati, D., 2015. Canopy temperature as a selection parameter for grain yield and ıts components in durum wheat under terminal heat stress in late sown conditions. Agricultural Research, 4(3): 238-244.

Haddad, L., Bouzerzour, H., Benmahammed, A., Zerargui, H., Hannachi, A., Bachir, A., Salmi, M., Fellahi, Z.E.A., Nouar, H., Laala, Z., 2016. Analysis of genotype×environment interaction for grain yield in early and late sowing date on Durum Wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) genotypes. Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences, 9: 139-146.

Laaboudi, A., Mouhouche, B., 2012. Water requirement modelling for wheat under arid climatic conditions. Hydrology: Current Research, 3: 130-139.

Maccaferri, M., Harris, N.S., Twardziok, S.O., Pasam, R.K., Gundlach, H., Spannag, M., Ormanbekoval, D., Lux, T., Prade, V.M., Milner, S.G., Himmelbach, A., Mascher, M., Bagnaresi, P., Faccioli, P., Cozzi, P., Lauria, M., Lazzari, B. Stella, A., Manconi, A., Gnocchi, M., Moscatelli, M., Avni, R., Deek, J., Biyiklioglu, S., Frascaroli, E., Cornetil, S., Savil, S., Sonnante, G., Desiderio, F., Mare, C., Crosatti, C., Mica, E., Özkan, H., Kilian, B., De Vita, P., Marone, D., Joukhadar, R., Mazzucotelli, E., Nigro, D., Gadaleta, A., Chao, S., Faris, J.D., Melo, A.T.O., Pumphrey, M., Pecchioni, N., Milanesi, L., Wiebe, K., Ens, J., MacLachlan, R.P., Clarke, J.M., Sharpe, A.G., Koh, C.S., Liang, K.Y.H., Taylor, G.J., Knox, R., Budak, H., Mastrangelo, A.M., Xu, S.S., Stein, N., Hale, I., Diestelfeld, A., Hayden, M.J., Tuberosa, R., Walkowiak, S., Mayer, K.F.X., Ceriotti, A., Pozniak, C.J., Cattivelli, L., 2019. Durum wheat genome highlights past domestication signatures and future improvement targets. Nature Genetics, 51: 885-895.

Pask, A.J.D., Pietragalla, J., Mullan, D.M., Reynolds, M.P., 2012. Physiological breeding II: A field guide to wheat phenotyping, D.F.: CIMMYT, Mexico.

Ray, J., Ahmed, U., 2015. CT effects on yield and grain growth of different wheat genotypes. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, 8(7): 48-55.

Reynolds, M.P., Ortiz-Monasterio, J.I., McNab, A., 2001. Application of physiology in wheat breeding, D.F.: CIMMYT, Mexico

Royo, C., Dreisigacker, S., Ammar, K., Villegas, D., 2020. Agronomic performance of durum wheat landraces and modern cultivars and its association with genotypic variation in vernalization response (Vrn-1) and photoperiod sensitivity (Ppd-1) genes. European Journal of Agronomy, 120: 126-129.

Şahin, M., Akçura, M., Akçacık, A.G., Doğan, S., 2006. Makarnalık buğday ıslahında renk spektrofotometresi ile ölçülen parametrelerin değerlendirilmesi. Bitkisel Araştırma Dergisi, 2:17-21.

Soriano, J.M., Royo, C., 2015. Dissecting the genetic architecture of leaf rust resistance in wheat by QTL meta-analysis. Phytopathology, 105(12): 1585-1593.

Talebi, R., 2011. Evaluation of chlorophyll content and canopy temperature as ındicators for drought tolerance ın durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.). Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5(11): 1457-1462.

Downloads

Published

2023-03-26

How to Cite

BALKAN, A. ., BİLGİN, O. ., BAŞER, İsmet ., BALABAN GÖÇMEN, D., & ÖZCAN, K. . (2023). Study on Some Quality and Morpho-Physiological Traits of Durum Wheat (Triticum durum L. Desf.) Genotypes. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 7(1), 86–94. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7721576

Issue

Section

Articles