Characterization of Some Turkish Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Genotypes for Agro-morphological Traits


Abstract views: 436 / PDF downloads: 230

Authors

  • İlker YÜCE Sivas University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Science and Technology, Department of Herbal Production and Technologies, Sivas https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9761-3561
  • Meliha Feryal SARIKAYA Sivas University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Science and Technology, Department of Herbal Production and Technologies, Sivas https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7277-1128
  • Muhammed TATAR Sivas University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Science and Technology, Department of Herbal Production and Technologies, Sivas https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8312-8434
  • Rajae Ben Kaddour Sivas University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Science and Technology, Department of Herbal Production and Technologies, Sivas https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6862-6056
  • Tolga KARAKÖY Sivas University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technologies, Plant Protection, Sivas https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5428-1907

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7755914

Keywords:

Agronomical traits, correlation, Faba bean, principal component analysis

Abstract

Faba bean is good resource of protein, starch, cellulose and minerals. Therefore it will have an increasing importance for human and animal food in the future, to meet the needs of the growing population. To choose the appropriate accessions and employ them in the breeding program, the current study's objectives were to evaluate the variety of agronomic traits in Turkish faba bean germplasm and to discover genomic areas linked to the assayed attributes. The field experiments were carried out in the Turkish province of Sivas using a total of 330 faba bean genotypes and 3 registred cultivars as plant material according to augmented block design. There were 8 agronomic traits in total. The analysis of variance reveals that, with the exception of germination days, the factor of variety had a large and significant impact on the majority of morphological features (p<0.01). Furthermore the results showed a wide range in the following traits: flowering days (26 -39 days), plant height (25-59 cm), first pod height (10.50-42,60 cm), the number of pod per (1-33), the number of seeds per plant (2.40-106), grain weight per plant (1.80-224.9 g), the 100 grain weight (48-214 g), while a narrow range is noticed for days of germination (23-29 g). Correlation analysis showed that plant height, grain weight and the number of pods and seeds per plant are positively collerated wich other. Also it was a strong and extremely significant association between the number of seeds per plant, the weight of grain per plant, and the number of pods per plant, as well as a positive and large correlation between the number of seeds and grain weight per plant. According to PCA of the defined agro-morphological variables, 5 principal components comprising 33.975, 15.137, 13.023, 12.626 and 10.246%, respectively can explain 87.007 % of the total variation.

References

Ammar, M.H., Alghamdi, S.S., Migdadi, H.M., Khan, M.A., El-Harty, E.H., Al-Faifi, S.A., 2015. Assessment of genetic diversity among faba bean genotypes using agro-morphological and molecular markers. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 22(3): 340-350.

Awad, E., Osman, A., Awadelkareem, A., Gasim, S., El, N., Yousif, A., Mohamed, A., Ali, O., 2014. Nutritional composition and anti nutrients of two Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) lines. International Journal of Advanced Research, 2: 538-544.

Backouchi, I.Z., Aouida, M., Khemiri, N., Jebara, M., 2015. Genetic diversity in Tunisian populations of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) based on morphological traits and molecular markers. Genetics and Molecular Research, 14(3): 7587-7596.

Boots‐Haupt, L., Brasier, K., Saldivar‐Menchaca, R., Estrada, S., Prieto‐Garcia, J., Jiang, J., Riar, R., Hu, J., Zakeri, H., 2022. Exploration of global faba bean germplasm for agronomic and nitrogen fixation traits. Crop Science, 62(5): 1891-1902.

Cilesiz, Y., Nadeem, M.A., Gursoy, N., Kul, R., Karakoy, T., 2023. Assessing the cooking and quality traits diversity in the seeds of faba bean germplasm. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 47.

Comertpay, G., Baloch, F.S., Kilian, B., Ulger, A.C., Ozkan, H., 2012. Diversity assessment of Turkish maize landraces based on fluorescent labelled SSR markers. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter, 30: 261-274.

Damalas, C.A., Koutroubas, S.D., Fotiadis, S., 2019. Hydro-priming effects on seed germination and field performance of faba bean in spring sowing. Agriculture, 9(9): 201.

Dhull, S.B., Kidwai, M.K., Noor, R., Chawla, P., Rose, P.K., 2022. A review of nutritional profile and processing of faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Legume Science, 4(3): e129.

Duc, G., 1997. Faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Field Crops Research, 53(1): 99-109.

Duc, G., Agrama, H., Bao, S., Berger, J., Bourion, V., De Ron, A.M., Gowda, C.L.L., Mikic, A., Millot, D., Singh, K.B., Tullu, A., Vandenberg, A., Vaz Patto, M.C., Warkentin, T.D., Zong, X., 2015. Breeding annual grain legumes for sustainable agriculture: new methods to approach complex traits and target new cultivar ideotypes. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 34(1-3): 381-411.

Essa, S.M., Wafa, H.A., Mahgoub, E.S.I., Hassanin, A.A., Al-Khayri, J.M., Jalal, A.S., El-Moneim, D.A., ALshamrani S.M., Safhi, F.A., Eldomiaty, A.S., 2023. Assessment of eight faba bean (Vicia faba L.) cultivars for drought stress tolerance through molecular, morphological, and physiochemical parameters. Sustainability, 15(4): 3291.

Etemadi, F., Barker, A.V., Hashemi, M., Zandvakili, O.R., Park, Y., 2018. Nutrient accumulation in faba bean varieties. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 49(16): 2064-2073.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), 2020. Crop Production and Trade Data, (http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data), (Accessed date: 30.12.2020)

Fouad, M., Mohammed, N., Aladdin, H., Ahmed, A., Xuxiao, Z., Shiying, B., Tao, Y., 2013. Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement (Eds: M. Singh, H.D. Upadhyaya, I.S. Bisht). Faba Bean. Elsevier, USA, s. 113-136.

Girgel, U., 2021. Principle component analysis (PCA) of bean genotypes (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) concerning agronomic, morphological and biochemical characteristics. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 19(3): 1999-2011.

Gutiérrez, N., Pégard, M., Balko, C., Torres, A.M., 2023. Genome-wide association analysis for drought tolerance and associated traits in faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Frontiers in Plant Science, 14.

Haciseferogullari, H., Gezer, İ., Bahtiyarca, Y., Menges, H.O., 2003. Determination of some chemical and physical properties of Sakız faba bean (Vicia faba L. Var. Major). Journal of Food Engineering, 60(4): 475-479.

Karakoy, T., Baloch, F.S., Toklu, F., Ozkan, H., 2014. Variation for selected morphological and quality-related traits among 178 faba bean landraces collected from Turkey. Plant Genetic Resources, 12(1): 5-13.

Karkanis, A., Ntatsi, G., Lepse, L., Fernández, J.A., Vågen, I.M., Rewald, B., Alsina, I., Kronberga, A., Balliu, A., Olle, M., Bodner, G., Dubova, L., Rosa, E., Savvas, D., 2018. Faba bean cultivation–revealing novel managing practices for more sustainable and competitive European cropping systems. Frontiers in Plant science, 1115.

Khazaei, H., O’Sullivan, D.M., Stoddard, F.L., Adhikari, K.N., Paull, J.G., Schulman, A.H., Andersen, S.U., Vandenberg, A., 2021. Recent advances in faba bean genetic and genomic tools for crop improvement. Legume Science, 3(3): e75.

Kumar, P., Bishnoi, S., Kaushik, P., 2017. Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance for seed yield and other agro-morphological traits in fababean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes of different origin. Trends in Biosciences. 10(4): 1246-1248.

Link, W., Hanafy, M., Malenica, N., Jacobsen, H.J., Jelenic, S., 2008. Faba bean. Compendium of Transgenic Crop Plants, 3: 71-88.

Liu, C., Pei, R., Heinonen, M., 2022. Faba bean protein: A promising plant-based emulsifier for improving physical and oxidative stabilities of oil-in-water emulsions. Food Chemistry, 369, 130879.

Madakbas, S.Y., Ergin, M., Ozcelik, H., Sayar, M.T., 2010. Determination of plant traits of dwarf fresh bean lines with Ayşe kadın’characteristics and gene loci for the resistance to anthracnose (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum (Sacc. & Magnus) Lambs. Scrib.) disease. Journal of Applied Biological Sciences, 4(2): 25-31.

Malek, N., Aci, M.M., Khamassi, K., Lupini, A., Rouissi, M., Hanifi-Mekliche, L., 2021. Agro-morphological and molecular variability among algerian Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) accessions. Agronomy, 11(8): 1456.

Musallam, I.W., Al-Karaki, G., Ereifej, K., Al-Tawaha, A.R., 2004. Yield and yield components of faba bean genotypes under rainfed and irrigation conditions. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 3(4): 439-448.

Neda, B., Feyissa, T., Dagne, K., Assefa, E., 2021. The study of morphological characteristics and statistics of the phenotypes and correlation in faba bean (Vicia faba L.) germplasm. Plant Breeding and Biotechnology, 9(2): 139-163.

Patrick, J.W., Stoddard, F.L., 2010. Physiology of flowering and grain filling in faba bean. Field Crops Research, 115(3): 234-242.

Peksen, E., 2007. Non-destructive leaf area estimation model for faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Scientia Horticulturae, 113(4): 322-328.

Peng, C., Wang, X., Chen, J., Jiao, R., Wang, L., Li, Y.M., Zuo, Y., Liu, Y., Lei, L., Ma, K.Y., Huang, Y., Chen, Z.Y., 2014. Biology of ageing and role of dietary antioxidants. BioMed Research International.

Rahate, K.A., Madhumita, M., Prabhakar, P.K., 2021. Nutritional composition, anti-nutritional factors, pretreatments-cum-processing impact and food formulation potential of faba bean (Vicia faba L.): A comprehensive review. LWT, 138: 110796.

Rebaa, F., Abid, G., Aouida, M., Abdelkarim, S., Aroua, I., Muhovski, Y., J.P. Baudoin, M., M’hamdi, Sassi, K., Jebara, M., 2017. Genetic variability in Tunisian populations of faba bean (Vicia faba L. var. major) assessed by morphological and SSR markers. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 23: 397-409.

Robertson, L.D., El Sherbeeny, M., 1988. Faba Bean Germplasm Catalog Pure Line Collection. Beirut, Lebanon: International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Syria.

Schmidtke, K., Rauber, R., 2000. Nitrogen Efficiency of Agricultural Crops (Ed: C. Möllers) Nitrogen Efficiency of Legumes in Arable Farming. Berlin, s. 48-69.

Sharan, S., Zotzel, J., Stadtmüller, J., Bonerz, D., Aschoff, J., Saint-Eve, A., Maillard, M.N., Olsen, K., Rinnan, A., Orlien, V., 2021. Two statistical tools for assessing functionality and protein characteristics of different Fava bean (Vicia faba L.) Ingredients. Foods, 10(10): 2489.

Singh, A., Bhakta, N., Manibhushan., 2017. Diversity analysis of faba bean (Vicia faba l.) germplasm of bihar using agro-morphological characteristics. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 46(4): 1249-1257.

Syed, N., 2016. A comparative study between molecular and agro-morphological methods for describing genetic relationships in Tunisian faba bean populations. Journal of New Sciences: Agriculture & Biotechnology, 27(8): 1513-1518.

Terzopoulos, P.J., Bebeli, P.J., 2008. Genetic diversity analysis of mediterranean faba bean (Vicia faba L.) with ISSR marker. Field Crops Research, 108(1): 39-44.

Tiwari, J.K., Singh, A.K., 2019. Principal component analysis for yield and yield traits in faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Journal of Food Legumes, 32(1): 13-15.

Ton, A., Karakoy, T., Anlarsal, A., Turkeri, M., 2021. Genetic diversity for agro-morphological characters and nutritional compositions of some local faba bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 45(3): 301-312.

Torres, A.M, Avila, C.M., Stoddard, F.L., 2011. Genetics, genomics and breeding of cool season grain legumes (Eds: M. De La Vega, A. Torres, J.I., Cubero, C. Kole). Faba Bean, CRS Press, USA, s. 50-98.

Turpin, J.E., Robertson, M.J., Hillcoat, N.S., Herridge, D.F., 2002. Faba bean (Vicia faba) in Australia’s northern grains belt: Canopy development, biomass, and nitrogen accumulation and partitioning. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 53(2): 227-237.

Venkovsky, R, Barriga, P., 1992. Genética Biométrica no Fitomelhoramento. Sociedade Brasileira de Genética, Ribeirão Preto.

Veronesi F, Falcinelli, M., 1988. Evaluation of an Italian gerplasm collection of Festuca arundinacea Schreb. through a multivariate analysis. Euphytica, 38: 211-220.

Wafa, H. A., Heakel, R.M.Y., 2022. Genetic variability, correlation and factor analysis for yield and yield components of some faba bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes. Sinai Journal of Applied Sciences, 11(6): 1087-1096.

Wang, P., Erktan, A., Fu, L., Pan, Y., Sun, X., Cao, W., Li, T., Scheu, S., Wang, Z., 2023. Regulation of agronomic traits of bean by soil decomposer animals depends on cropping system and genotype. Plant and Soil, 1-13.

Xiao, J.X., Zhu, Y.A., Bai, W.L., Liu, Z.Y., Tang, L., Zheng, Y., 2021. Yield performance and optimal nitrogen and phosphorus application rates in wheat and faba bean intercropping. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 20(11): 3012-3025.

Yadav, R., Singh, A.K., Gangopadhyaya, K.K., Singh, A.K., Kumar, A., Meena, B.L., 2016. Genetic variation of fababean (Vicia faba L.) germplasm collection in Eastern India. Journal of AgriSearch, 3(4): 206-211.

Yeken, M.Z., Nadeem, M.A., Karakoy, T., Baloch, F.S., Ciftci, V., 2019. Determination of Turkish common bean germplasm for morpho-agronomic and mineral variations for breeding perspectives in Turkey. Kahramanmaras Sütçü İmam University Journal of Agriculture and Nature, 22: 38-50.

Yücel, C., Baloch, F., Özkan, H., 2009. Genetic analysis of some physical properties of bread wheat grain (Triticum aestivum L. em Thell). Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 33(6): 525–535.

Zayed, E.M., Zeinab, E.G., Saad, K.I., 2022. Genetic diversity and principle component analysis (PCA) of faba bean landraces based on yield-traits and protein SDS-PAGE. Journal of Global Agriculture and Ecology, 13(4): 1-16.

Zhou, R., Hyldgaard, B., Yu, X., Rosenqvist, E., Ugarte, R.M., Yu, S., Wu, Z., Ottosen, C.O., Zhao, T., 2018. Phenotyping of faba beans (Vicia faba L.) under cold and heat stresses using chlorophyll fluorescence. Euphytica, 214: 1-13.

Downloads

Published

2023-03-26

How to Cite

YÜCE, İlker ., SARIKAYA, M. F. ., TATAR, M. ., Kaddour, R. B. ., & KARAKÖY, T. (2023). Characterization of Some Turkish Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Genotypes for Agro-morphological Traits. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 7(1), 116–134. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7755914

Issue

Section

Articles