CHEMICAL WEED CONTROL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR WHEAT
Abstract views: 332 / PDF downloads: 177
Keywords:Wheat, Compatibility, Crop Injury, Weed Control Efficiency, Weed Index
A field study was conducted to evaluate the compatibility of herbicide tank mixtures in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Sagittario cv. in 2017-2019. Weed Index (VI) and Crop Injury (CI) of three mixtures prominent was recorded with mesosulfuron-methyl plus 2.4-D ethylhexyl ester + florasulam (5.8% and 1.5%) followed by pyroxsulam + florasulam + cloquintocet-mexyl plus 2.4-D dimethylamine salt (6.3% and 1.6%), and mesosulfuron-methyl + iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium plus bromoxynil + MCPA (7.1% and 0.0%), respectively. Weed Control Efficiency (WCE) was maximum with mesosulfuron-methyl + mefenpyr-diethyl plus 2.4-D ethylhexyl ester + florasulam so, Cirsium arvense (90%) heavily damaged; Avena fatua (98%), Avena sterilis (94%), and Papaver rhoeas (96%), Sinapis arvensis (95%) very heavy damaged (severe chlorosis and/or dead leaves); Galium aparine, Phalaris brachystachys, and Ranunculus arvensis were completely killed (100%, dead). Consequently, mesosulfuron-methyl + mefenpyr-diethyl plus 2.4-D ethylhexyl ester + florasulam herbicide mixture is recommended to provide weed control efficiency and wheat production safely. The compatibility of herbicides is necessary for sustainable weed management as it leads to reduced input costs, to prevent economic losses and to less pollution of the ecological environment. In addition, the conditions may require that the herbicides be applied with fungicides, insecticides or foliar fertilizers, and growers wish to know the safety of these mixtures. Therefore, studies on the compatibility of chemicals used in agriculture were considered to be needed.
Abbas, A., Yang, M., R. Ahmad, Yousaf K., Iqbal T. (2017). Energy use efficiency in wheat production, a case study of Punjab Pakistan. Fresen. Environ. Bull., 26: 6773–6779.
Bailey, W.A., Wilson, H.P., Brann, D.E., Griffey C.A. (2004). Wheat cultivar tolerance to AEF13006003. Weed Technol., 18: 881–886.
BGIF, 2019. Triticum L. English Wikipedia - Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Free and open access to biodiversity data https://www.gbif.org/ [accessed Jenuary 02, 2019]
Braun, H.J., Zencirci, N., Altay, F., Atli A., Avci, M., Eser, V., Kambertay, M. Payne, T.S. (2001). Turkish wheat pool. In: Bonjean A, Angus W, editors. The World Wheat Book: A History of Wheat Breeding. Paris, France: Laroisier. pp: 851–879.
Burril, L.C., Cardenas, J. Locatelli, E. (1976). Field manual for weed control research. International Plant Protection Center, Oregon State University, Corvallis.
Cooper, R., 2015. Re-discovering ancient wheat varieties as functional foods. Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 5(3): 138–143. . Efficacy of some herbicides for controlling broad-leaved weeds in wheat fields. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 9(1): 945–951.
FAO, 2019. Wheat Landraces in Farmers’ Fields in Turkey: National Survey, Collection, and Conservation, 2009-2014, by Mustafa Kan, Murat Küçükçongar, Mesut Keser, Alexey Morgounov, Hafiz Muminjanov, Fatih Özdemir, Calvin Qualset. http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5316e.pdf [accessed April 18, 2019]
Frans, R.E., Talbert, R., Marx, D., Crowley H. (1986). Experimental design and techniques for measuring and analyzing plant responses to weed control practices. In N. D. Camper ed. Research Methods in Weed Science. 3rd ed. Champaign, IL: Southern Weed Science Society, pp: 37–38.
Gaba, S., Gabriel, E., Chadoeuf, J., Bonneu, F., Bretagnolle V. (2016). Herbicides do not ensure for higher wheat yield, but eliminate rare plant species. Scientific Reports, 6: pp.30112.
Gill, G.S. & Kumar, V. (1969). Weed index- a new method for reporting weed control trials. Indian J. Agron., 14: 96–98.
Hofer, U., Muehlebach, M., Hole, S., Zoschke, A. (2006). Pinoxaden – for broad spectrum grass weed management in cereal crops. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection, 20: 989–995.
Kaya-Altop, E., Mennan, H. Isik, D. (2017). PCR‐based detection of resistance to ALS‐inhibiting herbicides of Bifora radians Bieb. (Bifra) in wheat fields. Anadolu Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 32: 153–163.
Khwidzhili, R.H. & Worth, S.H. (2016). The sustainable agriculture imperative: implications for South African agricultural extension. South African Journal of Agricultural Extension, 44(2): 19–29.
Klein, R.N., Martin, A.R., Lyon D.J. (2006). Annual broadleaf weed control in winter wheat. University of Nebraska, Linkoln Extension, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources NebGuide G1241.
Mani, V.S., Chakraborty, T.K., Gautam K.C. (1976). Double hedge weed killers in peas. Indian Fmg. 26(2), 80–83.
Marakoglu, T. & Carman, K. (2017). A comparative study on energy efficiency of wheat production under different tillage practices in middle Anatolia of Turkey. Fresen. Environ. Bull., 26: 3163–3169.
Martin, D.A., Miller, S.D., Alley, H.P. (1989). Winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) response to herbicides applied at three growth stages. Weed Technol., 3: 90–94.
Odum, E.P. (1971). Fundamentals of Ecology, 3rd Edition, Saunders, Philadelphia. pp. 574.
Pala, F., Mennan, H. (2017). Determination of weed species in wheat fields of Diyarbakir province. Plant Protection Bulletin, 57(4): 447–461.
Pala, F., Mennan, H. (2020). Efficacy of herbicide mixtures on weed control in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). 5th International Regional Development Conference, (pp. 676-697), 26-28 September, Malatya, Turkey.
Pala, F., Dilmen, H. (2020). Host weeds for sunn pest (Eurygaster ıntegrıceps Put.) in overwintering areas on Savucak Mountain. EJONS International Journal on Mathematic, Engineering and Natural Sciences, 4(13): 60-66.
Pala, F., Erman, M., Cig, F., Dilmen, H. (2020). Pala, F., Erman, M., Cig, F., & Dilmen, H. A Study on Weed Flora and Importance Value Index of Weeds in Wheat Crop. International Journal of Scientific and Technological Research, 6(1): 49-59.
PPP, (2019). Plant Protection Pesticides, Application Database, https://bku.tarim.gov.tr/ [accessed June 05, 2019]
Ramegowda, V. & Senthil-Kumar, M. (2015). The interactive effects of simultaneous biotic and abiotic stresses on plants: mechanistic understanding from drought and pathogen combination. J Plant Physiol., 176: 47–54.
Reeves, T.G., Thomas, G., Ramsay, G. (2016). Save and grow in practice maize-rice-wheat “A guide to sustainable creal production”, FAO, Rome. 124p.
Rolston, M.P., Archie, W.J., Reddy, Dastgheib, K.F. (2003). Grass weed control and herbicide tolerance in cereals. New Zeland Plant Protection, 56: 220–226.
Singh, V.P., Mishra, J.S. Yaduraju, N.T. (2008). Effect of tillage practices and herbicides on weed dynamics and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum) under transplanted rice (Oryza sativa)-wheat system in vertisols. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 50(32): 106–109.
Sosnoskie, L.M., Culpepper, A.S., York, A.C., Beam, J.B., MacRae, A.W. (2009). Sequential applications for mesosulfuron and nitrogen needed in wheat. Weed Technology, 23: 404–407.
Wiersma, J.J., Durgan, B.R., Martinson, K.B. (2003). Hard red spring wheat (Triticum aestivum) tolerance to postemergence grass herbicides. Weed Technol., 17: 297–301.
Zand, E., Baghestani, M.A., Soufizadeh, S., Eskandari, A., Azar, R.P., Veysi, M. (2007). Evaluation of Some Newly Registered Herbicides for Weed Control in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Iran. Crop Protection, 26: 1349–1358.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2019 ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.