Determination of Herbage Yield and Quality of Some Italian Ryegrass Varieties in Sivas Ecological Conditions


Abstract views: 37 / PDF downloads: 34

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10750737

Keywords:

Italian ryegrass, yield, crude protein, ADF, NDF

Abstract

Italian ryegrass is a forage plant that can grow rapidly vegetatively, can take at least two cuts in suitable ecologies, and has a tall plant height. Italian ryegrass, an annual forage crop, is rich in minerals, protein and water-soluble carbohydrate content, good palatability, digestibility and metabolic energy value are quite high compared to herbage of medium pasture quality. Italian ryegrass is a plant that has the potential to be a solution to the roughage needs of farm animals in Turkey. In this context, the aim of this study is to determine the Italian ryegrass variety or varieties with high yield and quality suitable for Sivas ecology. Twenty-one Italian ryegrass varieties (Master, Quickston, Big Boss, Koga, Venüs, Braulio, Jivet, Medoacus, Excellent, Tornado, İlkadım, Caramba, Kartetra, Efe-82, Trinova, Hellen, Devis, Vallivert, Teanna, Rambo, Zeybek-19) were used as plant material in the experiment. Experiment was conducted at Sivas Science and Technology University, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Agricultural Ar&Ge Center trial area in 2022-2023 growing season. According to the data obtained, the differences between Italian ryegrass varieties were found to be statistically significant in terms of plant height, green and dry herbage yields. Plant height, green and dry herbage yields ranged between 115.0-130.7 cm, 1407-3240 kg da-1 and 392-976 kg da-1, respectively. In terms of quality parameters of varieties, differences were also significant. The values were 11.18-14.73% for crude protein rates, 6.57-12.43% for crude ash rates, 32.9-37.7% for ADF (Acid detergent fiber) rates, 61.6-65.4% for NDF (Neutral detergent fiber) rates, 59.55-62.76% for DMD (Digestible dry matter) rates, 1.84-1.95% for DMI (Dry matter intake) rates, and 84.76-94.42 for RFV (Relative feed value) values. Among the Italian ryegrass varieties used in the research, it was determined that Excellent variety performed well in terms of herbage yield, and İlkadım, Master and Kartetra varieties performed well in Sivas conditions in terms of herbage quality.

References

Abraha, A.B., Truter, W.F., Annandale, J.G., Fessehazion, M.K., 2015. Forage yield and quality response of annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) to different water and nitrogen levels. African Journal of Range & Forage Science, 32(2): 125-131.

Akça Pelen, M., Okkaoğlu, H., Ay, E., Büyükkileci, C., Özpınar, H., 2023. Determination of dry matter yields and quality characters of annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) genotypes. Turkish Journal of Range and Forage Science, 4(2): 66-72.

AOAC, 1990. Official method of analysis. Association of official analytical chemists 15th edition, Washington DC, USA.

AOAC, 2003. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. 17th ed. 2nd Rev. Gaithersburg, USA, Association of Analytical Communities.

Aronsson, H., Hansen, E.M., Thomsen, I.K., Liu, J., Øgaard, A.F., Känkänen, H., Ulén, B., 2016. The ability of cover crops to reduce nitrogen and phosphorus losses from arable land in Southern Scandinavia and Finland. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 71: 41-55.

Avcıoğlu, R., Açıkgöz, E., Soya, H., Tan, A., 2009. Yem Bitkileri Üretimi. (http://www.zmo.org.tr/resimler/ekler/18de4d2ec21 cfcb_ek.pdf?tipi=14&sube), (Erişim Tarihi: 19.09.2023)

Bernard, J.K., West, J.W., Trammell, D.S., 2002. Effect of replacing corn silage with annual ryegrass silage on nutrient digestibility, intake, and milk yield for lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 85: 2277-2282.

Bērziņš, P., Ruņģis, D.E., Rancāne, S., Stesele, V., Vēzis, I., Jansons, A., 2020. Genetic and agronomic analysis of Latvian fescue (Festuca spp.), ryegrass (Lolium spp.) accessions and their hybrids. Proceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences, 73: 487-493.

Blanco-Canqui, H., Shaver, T.M., Lindquist, J.L., Shapiro, C.A., Elmore, R.W., Francis, C.A., Hergert, G.W., 2015. Cover crops and ecosystem services: Insights from studies in temperate soils. Agronomy Journal, 107: 2449-2474.

Bolinder, M.A., Janzen, H.H., Gregorich, E.G., Angers, D.A., VandenBygaart, A.J., 2007. An approach for estimating net primary productivity and annual carbon inputs to soil for common agricultural crops in Canada. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 118: 29-42.

Burns, G.A., O’Kiely, P., Grogan, D., Watson, S., Gilliland, T.J., 2015. Comparison of herbage yield, nutritive value and ensilability traits of three ryegrass species evaluated for the Irish recommended list. Irish Journal of Agricultural and Food Research, 54: 3140.

Demiroğlu Topçu, G., Çelen, A.E., Özkan, Ş.Z., 2021. The effects of different harvest times on yield and some quality components of annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) varieties. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 30(02A): 1810-1816.

Ertekin, I., Atis, I., Ziya Aygun, Y., Yilmaz, S., Kizilsimsek, M., 2022. Effects of different nitrogen doses and cultivars on fermentation quality and nutritive value of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) silages. Animal Bioscience, 35: 39-46.

Humphreys, M., Feuerstein, U., Vandewalle, M., Baert, J., 2010. Ryegrasses. In: B. Boller, U.K. Posselt, F. Veronesi (Eds), Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses, Springer: New York, pp. 211-260.

Jung, G.A., Van Wijk, A.J.P., Hunt, W.F., Watson, C.E., 1996. Ryegrasses. In Cool-Season Forage Grasses. Hoboken, NJ, USA.

Kemešytė, V., Lemežienė, N., Stukonis, V., Kanapeckas, J., 2013. Morphological and anatomical traits of short-lived ryegrass. Proceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences, 67: 281-284.

Lale, V., Kökten, K., 2020. Determination of herbage yield and quality of some Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) varieties in Bingol conditions. Turkish Journal of Nature and Science, 9(Special Issue): 46-50.

Malcolm, B.J., Cameron, K.C., Di, H.J., Edwards, G.R., Moir, J.L., 2014. The effect of four different pasture species compositions on nitrate leaching losses under high N loading. soil. Use Management, 30: 58-68.

Maxwell, T.M.R., McLenaghen, R.D., Edwards, G.R., Di, H.J., Cameron, K.C., 2019. Italian ryegrass swards reduce N leaching via greater N uptake and lower drainage over perennial ryegrass cultivars varying in cool season growth rates. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 62: 69-82.

Morrison, J.A., 2003. Illinois Agronomy Handbook. Hay and Pasture, Chapter 6. Rockford Extension Center.

Pommeresche, R., Løes, A.-K., 2009. Relations between agronomic practice and Earthworms in Norwegian arable soils. Dynamic Soil, Dynamic Plant, 3: 129-142.

Pommeresche, R., Løes, A.-K., 2014. Diversity and density of springtails (Collembola) in a grass-clover ley in North-West Norway. Norwegian Journal of Entomology, 2: 165-179.

Riley, H., Pommeresche, R., Eltun, R., Hansen, S., Korsaeth, A., 2008. Soil structure, organic matter and earthworm activity in a comparison of cropping systems with contrasting tillage, rotations, fertilizer levels and manure use. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 124: 275-284.

Schmidt, M.W.I., Torn, M.S., Abiven, S., Dittmar, T., Guggenberger, G., Janssens, I.A., Kleber, M., Kögel-Knabner, I., Lehmann, J., Manning, D.A.C., 2011. Persistence of soil organic matter as an ecosystem property. Nature, 478: 49-56.

Sidhu, M.S., Sharma, G.D., Kumar, N., Chahal, A., Rana, M.C., Sharma, R.P., 2020. Herbage yield, nutritive value and soil properties of annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam) as affected by sowing time and varying levels of nitrogen. Forage Research, 46(2): 163-167.

Van Soest, P.J., 1963. The use of detergents in the analysis of fibre feeds. II. A rapid method for the determination of fibre and lignin. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 46: 829-835.

Van Soest, P.J., Wine, R.H., 1967. The use of detergents in the analysis of fibrous feeds. IV. Determination of plant cell wall constituents. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 50: 50-55.

Wilkins, P.W., Humphrey, M.O., 2003. Progress in breeding perennial forage grasses for temperate agriculture. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 140: 129-150.

Worku, A., Tóthi, R., Orosz, S., Fébel, H., Kacsala, L., 2021. Novel mixtures of Italian ryegrass and winter cereals: influence of ensiling on nutritional composition, fermentation characteristics, microbial counts and ruminal degradability. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 20: 749-761.

Xu, W., Zhu, Y., Wang, X., Ji, L., Wang, H., Yao, L., Lin, C., 2021. The effect of biogas slurry application on biomass production and forage quality of Lolium multiflorum. Sustainability, 13: 3605.

Downloads

Published

2024-03-26

How to Cite

YÜCE, İlker, TATAR, M., KÖKTEN, K., SARIKAYA, M. F., ÇİLESİZ, Y., & KARAKÖY, T. (2024). Determination of Herbage Yield and Quality of Some Italian Ryegrass Varieties in Sivas Ecological Conditions. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 8(1), 36–44. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10750737

Issue

Section

Articles