Environmental Awareness and Attitudes of University Students: The Case of Türkiye

Abstract views: 32 / PDF downloads: 27





Consciousness, sustainability, awareness, behaviour, consumption


In recent years, environmental problems have been a major concern all over the world and are a threat to the quality of life of societies. Considering that most environmental problems are caused by people's lifestyles, values and attitudes, an understanding of education that changes the way today's people view nature and shapes their values and attitudes is essential to preventing environmental problems. Conducting studies to increase the level of awareness and consciousness of individuals about the environment is one of the main ways to eliminate these problems and ensure environmental sustainability. This study was conducted in Türkiye to measure the environmental awareness and knowledge of university students living in various provinces. In this study, 403 university students living in different provinces in Türkiye were interviewed. According to the results, it was found that the average age of the individuals was 22 years and about three-fourths of them had knowledge about environmental problems, but they thought that the given information about the environment was insufficient. According to these findings, people generally have environmental awareness and ideas about consumption and natural resources. However, it was found that there was a high demand for participation in environmental training at universities. Students emphasized that the most important source of information on environmental issues was the internet. In addition, a significant number of students believed that environmental training at universities should be part of the curriculum. It is believed that training provided to young people will raise the awareness of individuals and be effective for their families and friends. Environmental education is central to raising environmental awareness in individuals and raising awareness about environmental protection. It is thought that education given to individuals as a group will have an easier effect on behavior change. Gathering individuals from different provinces under one roof at universities will facilitate intercultural interaction and pave the way for environmental sustainability. Changes in the behavior of individuals will have a significant impact on future generations. Therefore, it is hoped that the results obtained in this study will contribute to environmental and climate change policies.


Ahmad, J.H., Mustafa, H., Hamid, H.A., Wahab, J.A., 2011. Knowledge, attitude and practices of Malaysian society regarding environmental issues. Akademika, 81(3): 103-115.

Aktepe, V., Yel, S., 2009. Describing the value judgments of primary school teachers: The Case of Kırşehir Province, Turkish Journal of Education Science, 7(3): 607-622.

Aminrad, Z., Zakaria, S.Z., Hadi, A.S., 2011. Influence of age and level of education on environmental awareness and attitude: Case Study on Iranian students in Malaysian universities. The Social Sciences, 6(1): 15-19.

Alım, M., 2006. Environment and environmental education in primary school in Turkey within the process of the membership of European Union, Kastamonu Education Journal, 14(2): 599-616.

Aslan, O., Uluçınar, Ş., Cansaran, A., 2008. Adaptation of environmental attitude scale and determination of environmental attitudes of primary school students, Selçuk University Journal of Ahmet Keleşoğlu Education Faculty, 25: 283-295.

Bozkurt, O., Cansüngü, K.Ö., 2002. Primary school students' misconceptions about greenhouse effect in environmental education. Jounal of Hacettepe University Faculty of Education, 23: 61-72.

Çabuk, B., Karacaoğlu, C., 2003. Investigation of environmental sensitivities of university students. Ankara University Journal of Faculty of Educational Sciences, 36(2): 190-198.

Çetin, M., Saygin, S., Demir, H., 2020. Tarım sektörünün çevre kirliliği üzerindeki etkisi: Türkiye ekonomisi için bir eşbütünleşme ve nedensellik analizi. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 17(3): 329-345.

Çiftci, S., Şakacı, B.K., 2015. Willingness of environmentally conscious consumers to reward and punish firms: Differences between female and male consumers. Eskişehir Osmangazi University Jounal of FEAS, 10(1): 287-296.

Erdal, H., Erdal, G., Yücel, M., 2013. Environmental awareness level study of university students: The example of Gaziosmanpaşa University. Gaziosmanpaşa Journal of Sciences Research, 4: 57-65.

Esen, A., Esen, M.F., 2018. Environmental education and awareness research. Academic Review Journal, 65.

Güriş, S., Astar, M., 2015. Statistics with SPSS in scientific research (2nd Ed.). DER Publications, Istanbul.

Jusoh, S., Kamarudin, M.K.A., Wahab, N.A., Saad, M.H., Rohizat, N.H., Mat, N.H.N., 2018. Environmental awareness level among university students in Malaysia: A review. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(34): 28-32.

Kalaycı, Ş., 2016. SPSS Applied Multivariate Statistical Techniques (7th Ed.). Asil Publishing, Ankara.

Karahan, M., 2017. Determination of environmental sensitivity and awareness levels of business managers. Manas Journal of Social Studies, 6(4): 359–374.

Kurt Konakoğlu, S.S., 2020. A study for determining the level of consciousness, awareness and sensitivity of university students on environmental issues: The case study of the department of urban design and landscape architecture at the Amasya University, Turkey. The Journal of Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, 11(2): 130-141.

Li, Y., 2018. Study of the effect of environmental education on environmental awareness and environmental attitude based on environmental protection law of the people’s Republic of China. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 14(6): 2277-2285.

Mansuroğlu, S., Dağ, V., 2021. Determination of environmental sensitivity of undergraduate and university personnel’s: Case study of Akdeniz University (Antalya), Ege University Journal of Agriculture Faculty, 58(2): 229-238.

Meydan, A., Doğu, S., 2008. Evaluation of primary school second grade students' views on environmental problems according to some variables, Journal of Selçuk University Ahmet Keleşoğlu Education Faculty, 26: 267-277.

Oğuz, C., Karakayacı, Z., 2017. Research and Sampling Methodology in Agricultural Economics (1st Ed.), Atlas Akademi.

Oğuz, D., Çakçı, I., Kavas, S., 2010. Environmental awareness of university students in Ankara, Turkey. Journal of Agricultural Research, 5(19): 2629-2636.

Oğuz, D., Çakçı, I., Kavas, S., 2011. Environmental Awareness of Students in Higher Education. Journal of Süleyman Demirel University Faculty of Forestry, 12: 34-39.

Öz-Aydın, S., Ekersoy, S., Özkan, B., 2022. To What extent do curricula support the realization of environmental literacy in Turkey? Journal of Education for Life, 36(1): 66-89.

Özen, R., Özen, A., 2017. A Study on the views of Fırat University veterinary faculty students on environmental problems. Kocatepe Veterinary Journal, 10(4): 247-255.

Panth, M.K., Verma, P., Gupta, M., 2015. The role of attitude in environmental awareness of under graduate students. International Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Studies, 2(17): 55-62.

Tahiroğlu, M., Yıldırım, T., Çetin, T., 2010. The effect of the environmental education activity developed in accordance with the value education methods on the attitudes of the 7th grade students towards the environment, Selçuk University Ahmet Keleşoğlu, Journal of the Faculty of Education, 30: 231-248.

Talay, İ., Gündüz, S., Akpınar, N., 2004. On the status of environmental education and awareness of undergraduate students at Ankara University, Turkey. International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 21(3): 293-308.

Tapkı, N., Öztornacı, B., Davran, M.K., 2021. Tarımsal çevre kirliliği açısından üreticilerin bilinç düzeyi: Doğu Akdeniz bölgesi örneği. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 5(3): 641-651.

Tavşancıl, E., 2014. Measuring Attitudes and Data Analysis with SPSS (5th Ed.). Nobel Publishing, Ankara.

Vaughan, C., Gack, J., Solorazano, H., Ray, R., 2003. The effect of environmental education on schoolchildren, their parents, and community members: A study of intergenerational and intercommunity learning. The Journal of Environmental Education, 34(3): 12-21.

Wong, K., 2003, The environmental awareness of university students in Beijing, China. Journal of Contemporary China, 12(36): 519-536.




How to Cite

ACIBUCA, V., & KAYA, A. (2024). Environmental Awareness and Attitudes of University Students: The Case of Türkiye. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 8(1), 237–246. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10852912