Splitting of Nitrogen Fertilizer Enhanced Growth, Yield Contributing Parameters and Yield of Aromatic Rice Varieties

Abstract views: 288 / PDF downloads: 143


  • M.S. ISLAM Department of Agronomy, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University
  • M. Abdul HAKIM Department of Agril Chemistry, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University
  • ASM Golam HAFEEZ Department of Agricultural Finance, Bangladesh Agricultural University
  • M.K. CHOWDHURY Bangladesh Agricultural Training Institute (Department of Agricultural Extension


Nitrogen fertilizer, split application, aromatic rice, yield


Rice crop demands a heavy fertilization for better growth and yield. But improper timing of nitrogenous fertilizer application is the major constraint achieving higher yield of transplanted aman rice in Bangladesh. To solve this problem, a field experiment was carried out at the Department of Agronomy, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh during aman season (July to December, 2016) to study the effect of different split application of nitrogen (N) fertilizer on yield and yield attributes of aromatic rice. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with four split levels of N : (N1= ½ during final land preparation + ½ at 30 DAT, N2=  1/3  at 15 DAT + 1/3 at 30 DAT + 1/3 at 45 DAT, N3= 1/4 at 15 DAT + ½ at 30 DAT + 1/4 at 45 DAT and N4= 2/3 at 15 DAT + 1/3 at 45 DAT) on two popular aromatic rice varieties (Tulsimala and Badshabhog) of Bangladesh. Each treatment of the experiment was repeated four times and fertilizers in each plot were applied as per recommendation. Growth, yield contributing characteristics and yield both the varieties were significantly influenced by the splitting application of nitrogen. Nitrogen splitting influenced the plant height and N2 produced the longest plant but there was no varietal difference on the plant height.  Yield contributing characteristics like tillers (total, effective, non-effective), panicle length, spikelets panicle-1, spikelet sterility, test weight were influenced by the treatments, and three equal split application of nitrogen (N2) showed superiority in almost all the studied traits which positively influenced the grain yield of rice. The variety Badshabhog demonstrated higher performance than the variety Tushimala regarding the growth and yield characteristics. The highest grain was recorded by the N2 and the lowest was in N1 treatments, and the variety Badshabhog produced higher grain yield than Tulshimala.


ABOU- KHALIFA, A.A. 2007. Performance of two hybrid rice and Sakha 101 rice cultivars to three nitrogen levels and three sowing dates. Egypt. J. Plant Breed., 11(2): 681- 691.

ABDEL-MONEAM, M.A., SULTAN, M.S., HAMMOUD, S.A., HEFENA, A.G., BARUTÇULAR, C. AND EL SABAGH, A., 2016. Studies on heterosis for qualitative and quantitative traits in rice. Journal of Animal &Plant Sciences, 30(2), pp.4736-4747.

ANIS G. EL SABAGH A. EL-BADRY A. BARUTÇULAR C .2016. Improving Grain Yield in Rice (Oryza Sativa L.) by Estimation of Heterosis, Genetic Components and Correlation Coefficient. International Journal of Current Research, 8(01):25080-25085.

AIS (AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION SERVICE), 2017. Krishi Diary (Agricultural Diary). Agril. Infor. Service, Khamarbari, Farmgate, Dhaka-1215 (In Bangla), Bangladesh.

BACON, P.E. 1980. Nitrogen application strategies for rice. Proc. Aust., Agron. Conf. Lawas, Australia [Cited Field Crop Absts., 36(6): 4404; 1983].

BRRI (BANGLADESH RICE RESEARCH INSTITUTE), 1997. Annual Report for 1995-96. Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh.

BILONI, M. AND BOCCHI, S. 2003. Nitrogen application in dry seeded delayed flooded rice in Italy. Effect on yield and crop parameters. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystem.67(2): 117-128.

BONKI, Y. INJIN, P., HEEKWOON, K., BENGKO, H. AND IMOO, R. 1996. Application level and methods of nitrogen fertilizer on 'no tillage rice seedlings on tidal redrained paddy fields. J. Agri, Soil Fert. 38:285-290. (Field Crop Abst)., 50:1764, 1997).

FAGERIA, N.K. AND BALIGAR, V.C. 2005. Enhancing nitrogen use efficiency in crop plants. Adv. Agron., 88: 97-185.

FAZAA, M., ELSABAGH, A., ANIS, G., ELREWAINY, I., BARUTÇULAR, C., HATIPOGLU, R., & ISLAM, M. S. 2016. The agronomical performances of doubled haploid lines of rice (Oryza sativa L.) derived from anther culture. Journal of Agricultural Science, 8(5).

FREEG, H. A., ANIS, G. B., ABO-SHOUSHA, A. A., EL-BANNA, A. N., & EL-SABAGH, A. 2016. Genetic diversity among some rice genotypes with different drought tolerance based on SSR markers. Cercetari Agronomice in Moldova, 49(3), 39-50.

FILLERY, I.R.P., SIMPSON, J.R. AND DE DATTA, S.K. 1984. Influence of field environment and fertilizer management on ammonia loss from flooded rice. J. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer., 48: 914-920.

FRG (FERTILIZER RECOMMENDATION GUIDE), 2012. Agroecological Regions of Bangladesh. In: Fertilizer Recommendation Guide. Bangladesh Agril. Res. Coun., Farm Gate, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.

GANGAIAH, B. AND PRASAD, R. 1999. Response of scented rice (Oryza sativa) to fertilizers. Indian J. Agron. 44(2): 294-296.

GOMEZ, K.A. AND GOMEZ, A.A. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agriculture Research. Int. Rice Res. Inst., John Wiley and Sons. New York. pp: 139-240.

HEFENA, A.G., SULTAN, M.S., ABDEL-MONEAM, M.A., HAMMOUD, S.A., BARUTÇULAR, C. AND EL-SABAGH, A., 2016. Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance for yield and associated traits in F2 rice population. Journal of Agriculture Biotechnology, 1(02).

HASANUZZAMAN, M., NAHAR, K., ALAM, M.M., HOSSAIN, M.Z. AND ISLAM, M.R. 2009. Response of transplanted rice to different application methods of urea fertilizer. Int. J. Sustain. Agric., 1(1): 01-05.

HIRZEL, J., PEDREROS, A. AND CORDERO, K. 2011. Effect of nitrogen rates and split nitrogen fertilization on grain yield and its components in flooded rice. Chilean J. Agril. Res. 71(3): 437-444.

HUSSAIN, M. 1984. Effect of nitrogen application techniques on the ripening and paddy yield of rice, KS 282. An M.Sc. Thesis, Dept Agronomy, Univ. Agri., Faisalabad, Pakistan.

IDA, M., OHSUGI, R., SASAKI, H., AOKI, N. AND YAMAGISHI, T. 2009. Contribution of nitrogen absorbed during ripening period to grain filling in a high-yielding rice variety, Takanari. Plant Prod. Sci., 12: 176-184.

ISLAM, M.S., HOSSAIN, M.A., CHOWDHURY, M.A.H. AND HANNAN M.A. 2008. Effect of nitrogen and transplanting date on yield and yield components of aromatic rice. J. Bangladesh Agril. Univ. 6(2): 291-296.

ISLAM, M.S., HASANUZZAMAN, M., ROKONUZZAMAN, M. AND NAHAR K. 2009. Effect of split application of nitrogen fertilizer on morpho-physiological parameters of rice genotypes. Intl. J. Plant Prod., 3(1): 51-62.

ISLAM, M.S., SIKDER, M.S.I., RAHMAN, M.M., AKHTER, M.M. AND AZAD, A.K. 2008a. Performance of aromatic rice varieties as influenced by spacing. Jour. Innov. Dev. Strategy., 2(1): 43-46.

ISLAM, M.S., AKHTER, M.M., RAHMAN, M.SQ., BANU, M.B. AND KHALEQUZZAMAN, K.M. 2008b. Effect of nitrogen and number of seedlings per hill on the yield and yield components of T. Aman rice (BRRI dhan 33). Intl. J. Sust. Crop Prod., 3(3): 61-65.

JING, Q. 2007. Improving resources use efficiency in rice-based cropping systems: Experimentation and modelling. A Ph.D thesis. Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands. p. 145.

KABAKI, N. 1993. Growth and yield of japonica-indicia hybrid rice. Jpn. Agric. Res. Q. 27: 88-94.

KAMRUZZAMAN, M., KAYUM, M.A., HASAN, M.M., HASAN, M.M. AND DA SILVA, J. A.T. 2013. Effect of split application of nitrogen fertilizer on yield and yield attributes of transplanted aman rice (Oryza sativa L.). Bangladesh J. Agril. Res., 38(4): 579-587.

KAUSHAL, A.K., RANA, N.S., SINGH, A., SACHIN, N. AND SRIVASTAV, A. 2010. Response of levels and split application of nitrogen in green manured wetland rice (Oryza sativa L.). Asian J. Agril. Sci., 2(2): 42-46.

KENZO, W. 2004. Utilization advantages of controlled release nitrogen fertilizer on paddy rice cultivation. JARQ., 38(1): 15-20.

KRISHNAN, P. AND NAYAK, S.K. 2000. Biomass partitioning and yield components of individual tillers of rice (Oryza sativa) at different nitrogen levels. Indian J. Agric. Sci., 70(3): 143-145.

LAMPAYAN, R.M., BOUMAN, B.A.M., DIOS, J.L.D., ESPIRITY, A.J., SORIANO, J.B., LACTAOEN, A.T., FARONILO, J.E AND THANT, K.M. 2010. Yield of aerobic rice in rainfed lowlands of the Philippines as affected by nitrogen management and row spacing. Field Crops Res.116: 165-174.

MAHJOOBEH, E.M., ALAMI-SAEID, K. AND ESHRAGHI-NEJAD, M. 2013. Study of nitrogen split application on yield and grain quality on native and breeded rice varieties. Sci. Agri., 2(1): 3-10.

MANZOOR, Z., ALI, R.I., AWAN, T.H., KHALID, N. AND AHMAD, M. 2006. Appropriate time of nitrogen application to fine rice, Oryza sativa. J. Agric. Res., 44: 261-269.

MATHEIU, M. 1979. Progress Report. Fourth consultation FAO Fertilizer Program, Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy. p. 4.

PAIKHOMBA, N., KUMAR,A., CHAURASIA, A.K. AND RAI, P. K. 2014. Assessment of genetic parameters for yield and yield components in hybrid rice and parents. J Rice Res 2(1): 117-119.

PORTCH, S. AND ISLAM, M.S. 1984. Nutrient status of some of the more important agricultural soils of Bangladesh. In: Proceedings of International Symposium on Soil Test Crop Response Studies, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council and Soil Science Society of Bangladesh, pp. 97-110.

RANA, S., REDDY, G. AND REDDY, K. 1989. Effect of levels and sources of nitrogen on rice. Indian J. Agron. 34: 435-436.

RAO, R.V., SATYANARAYANA, V. AND REDDY, G.H.S. 1997. Studies on the effect of time of nitrogen application on growth and yield of direct seeded sona rice under pudled conditions. Andhra Agric. J., 24(5): 181-186.

RASHID, A.K.M.H., CHOWDHURY, K., SABAGHC, A.EL., BARUTÇULARD, C. AND ISLAM, M.S. 2016. Effect of split application of nitrogen fertilizer on yield traits and yield of high yielding aromatic rice varieties in Bangladesh. Agril. Adv., 5(11): 368-374. doi: 10.14196/aa.v5i11.2334

RAZA, M., KHAN, H., KARIM, F. AND TAHIR, M.J. 2003. Nitrogen use efficiency as affected by time of application in rice (IRRI-6). Sarhad J. Agric., 19(4): 453- 457.

SAHOO, N.C., MISHRA, R.K. AND MOHANTY, J.P. 1989. Effect of single versus split application of nitrogen on growth and physiological growth parameters of rice. Orissa J. Agric. Res., 2(3-4): 191-195.

SHAMAUDDIN, A.M., ISLAM, M.A. AND HOSSAIN A. 1998. Comparative study on the yield and agronomic characters of nine cultivars of Aus rice. Bangladesh J. Agril. Sci., 15(1): 121-124.

SINGH S.P., SUBBAIAH, S.V. AND KUMAR, R.M. 2006. Response of rice varieties to nitrogen application time under direct seeded puddle condition. Oryza, 43(2): 157-158.

SINGH, R.S. AND SINGH, S.B. 1998. Response of rice (Oryza sativa) to age of seedling and levels and times of application of nitrogen under irrigated condition. Ind. J. Agron., 43(4): 632-635.

TAMA, R.A.Z., BEGUM, I.A., ALAM, M.J. AND ISLAM, S. 2015. Financial profitability of aromatic rice production in some selected areas of Bangladesh. Int. J. Innov. Appd. Stud., 12(1): 235-242.

WIN, K.K. 2012. Plot specific N fertilizer management for improved N-use efficiency in rice based system of Bangladesh. http://www.zef.de/fileadmin/webfiles/downloads/zefc_ecology_development/ecol_ dev_12_Win_text.pdf. Accessed on September 29, 2012.

YAMAUCHI, M. 1994. Physiological bases of higher yield potential in F1 hybrids In: Virmani, S.S. (ed.). Hybrid rice technology: New developments and future prospects. International Rice Research Institute. Loss Banos, Manila, Philippines. pp. 71-80.

YOSHIDA, S. 1981. Fundamentals of rice crop science. Int. Rice Res. Ins., Loss Banos, Manila, Philippines.




How to Cite

M.S. ISLAM, M. Abdul HAKIM, ASM Golam HAFEEZ, & M.K. CHOWDHURY. (2019). Splitting of Nitrogen Fertilizer Enhanced Growth, Yield Contributing Parameters and Yield of Aromatic Rice Varieties. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 3(1), 80–97. Retrieved from https://ispecjournal.com/index.php/ispecjas/article/view/72




Most read articles by the same author(s)