Response of Sulphur and Zinc on The Growth and Yield Traits of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) At Old Himalayan Piedmont Plain Soil

Abstract views: 397 / PDF downloads: 162


  • Mohammad Sohidul Islam Department of Agronomy, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University
  • Mohamed Tawane Ali Department of Agronomy, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University
  • M. Kamrul Hasan Department of Agronomy, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University
  • Abdikasim Hashi Wais Department of Agronomy, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University
  • ASM Golam HAFEEZ Department of Agricultural Finance, Bangladesh Agricultural University
  • M. Kaium Chowdhury Bangladesh Agricultural Training Institute


Sulphur, zinc, growth, yield traits, sesame.


A field experiment was carried at the Agronomy Research Field, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh to find out the effect of sulphur and zinc on the growth and yield traits of sesame. The experiment consisted two factorial naming Factor A: Three levels of sulphur as 0 (S1), 18 (S2) and 24 (S3) (0, 100, 150 kg gypsum/ha), and Factor B: Three levels of zinc as 0 (Zn1), 1.44 (Zn2) and 2.88 (Zn3) (0, 4.0, 8.0kg zinc sulphate/ha). The total treatment combinations were i) T1 (S1Zn1), ii) T2 (S1Zn2), iii) T3 (S1Zn3), iv) T4 (S2Zn1), v) T5 (S2Zn2), vi) T6 (S2Zn3), vii) T7 (S3Zn1), viii) T8 (S3Zn2), ix) T9 (S3Zn3). The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. Seasame cv. BARITil 4 was used as test crop. The experimental results revealed that sulphur (18 kg ha-1) + zinc (1.44 kg ha-1) (S2Zn2) applications greatly increased the leaf, petiole, stem and root at different days after sowing. Higher dry weight of different parts and yield traits i.e. no of capsules and capsules weight were produced by the application of sulphur (18 kg ha-1) + zinc (1.44 kg ha-1) among all treatment combinations at different growth stage.


AHMAD MSA, HOSSAIN M, IJAZ S AND ALVI AK, 2008. Photosynthetic performance of two sesame (Sesamum indicum) cultivars under lead and copper stress. Int. J. Agr. Biol. 10: 167-172.

AIS (AGRICULTURE INFORMATION SERVICE), 2018. Krishi Diary (In Bangla). Agriculture Information Service. Min. Agric., Govt. Peoples Repub. Bangladesh, Khamarbari, Dhaka-1215, Bangladesh. p.18.

AJAI SINGH SP, SINGH K SINGH PP, 2000. Response of nitrogen and sulphur on economic yield of sunflower under sodic soil condition. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 70: 536-537.

ALDESUQUY HS AND GABER AM, 1993. Effect of growth regulators on Vicia faba plants irrigated by sea water: leaf area, pigment content and photosynthetic activity. Biol. Plant. 35: 519-527.

BADRUDDIN M, MONDAL MMA, ISLAM MM AND DAS ML, 2002. Uptake of 35S by different genotypes of sunflower. Bangladesh J. Agric. Res. 27: 737-740.

BARSABINDU R, 2015. Response of sesame crop to foliar application of micronutrients. An M.S. thesis, Department of Plant Physiology, College of Agriculture, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, India.

BLACK CA, 1965. Methods of soil analysis, Part1, Agronomy Monograph 9. ASA Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

BRAY RH AND KURTZ LT, 1945. Determination of total, organic, and available forms of phosphorus in soils. Soil Sci. 59: 39-45.

BREMNER JM AND MULVANEY CS, 1982. Methods of soil analysis, part 2 chemical and microbiological properties. pp. 595-624.

CAKMAK I, 2008. Enrichment of cereal grains with zinc: Agronomic or genetic bio-fortification. Plant Soil 302: 1-17.

CHAKRABORTI N AND MUKHERJI S, 2003. Effect of sulphur pretreatment on nitrogen metabolism in Sesamum indicum under salt stress. Biol. Plant. 46: 63-66.

CHAPLOT PC, JAIN GL AND BANSAL KN, 1992. Effect of Sulphur and Phosphorus on sesame and its residual effect on wheat. Indian J. Agron. 6: 167-169.

DAS GP, DAS D AND MUKHERJI S, 1994. Role of Sulphur in the reversal of stress induced alteration in growth turgidity and proline accumulation in Sesame (Sesamum indicum L. Wilczek) plants: Ind. Biol. 26: 343-348.

DEOTALE RD, MASKE VG, SORTE NV, CHIMURKAR BS AND YERNE AZ, 1998. Effect of sulphur and zinc on morphological parameter of sesame. J. Soil Crops 8(1): 91-94.

FOX RL, OLSON RA AND RHOADES HF, 1964. Evaluating the sulfur status of soil by plants and soil tests. Soil Sci. America Proc., 28: 243-246.

GHOSH PK, MANDAL KG, BANDYOPADHYAY KK, HATI KK, RAO AS AND TRIPATHI AK, 2002. The second International Agronomy congress on balancing food and environmental security- A continuing challenge. New Delhi, India, 26-30 November 2002. Fertilizer News 47(11): 67-77.

HASAN AF, BEGUM S, FURUMOTO T AND FUKUI H, 2000. A new chlorinated red naphthoquinone from roots of Sesamumindicum. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 64(4): 873-874.

HEIDARI M, GALAVI M AND HASSANI M, 2011. Effect of sulfur and iron fertilizers on yield, yield components and nutrient uptake in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) under water stress. Afr. J. Biotech. 10(44): 8695-8702.

HIRATA F, FUJITA K AND ISHIKURA Y, 1996. Hypocholesterolemic effect of sesame lignan in humans. Atheroscler 122(1): 135-36.

HUNTER AH, 1974. Tentative ISFEJ soil extractant procedure: International soil fertility evaluation and improvement project. Raleigh: North Carolina State University, USA.

ISLAM MR, PRODHAN AKMA, ISLAM MO AND UDDIN MK 2010. Effect of sulphur and zinc on morphological characters and yield of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). J. Agric. Res. 48(1): 73-80.

ISLAM MS, AKHTER MM, HAQUE MM, ISLAM MS AND SANEOKA H, 2011. Influence of plant population and weed management periods on crop-weed competition of groundnut. J. Sher-e-Bangla Agril. Univ. 5(1): 26-34.

ISLAM MS, AKHTER MM, SIKDAR MSI, RAHMAN MM AND AZAD AK, 2008. Effect of planting density and methods of sowing on the yield and yield attributes of sesame. Intl. J. Sustain. Agril. Tech. 4(2): 83-88.

ISLAM MS, HASAN K, SARKAR NAA, EL SABAGH A, RASHWAN E AND BARUTÇULAR C, 2017a. Yield and yield contributing characters of mungbean as influenced by zinc and sulphur. Agril. Adv. 6(1): 391-397.

ISLAM MS, HASAN K, SHADDAM O AND EL SABAGH A, 2017b. Effect of storage periods and containers on the germinablity of mungbean seeds. Agril. Adv. 6(7): 418-424.

JAGGI R, RAKESH C, SHARMA K AND PALIYAL SS, 2000 Sulphur as second major nutrient in cruciferous oilseed. Indian Fam. 12: 14-18.

JAUHARI S. SRIVASTAVA R AND SRIVASTAVA PC, 2005. Effect of Zinc on growth, flowering, corm attributes, post-harvest life, leaf and corm nutrients status in gladiolus cv. Red Beauty. Prog. Hortic. 37(2): 423-428.

JIA Y AND GRAY VM, 2008. Growth yield of Sesame L. in response to microbial symbiotic associations. South Africa J. Bot. 74: 25-32.

KAMAL-ELDIN A, PETTERSSON D AND APPELQVIST LA, 1995. Sesamin (acompound from sesame oil) increases tocopherol levels in rats fed ad libitum. Lipids 30(6): 499-505.

KHATUN, M.K., HASAN, M.K., RUMI, M.S., SABAGH, A.E.L. AND ISLAM, M.S. 2018. Response of growth and yield attributes of aromatic rice to cow dung and zinc fertilization. Azarian J. Agril. 5(5): 151-159.

KNUDSEN D, PETERSON GA AND PRATT PF, 1982. Lithium, sodium and potassium determination. In A.L. Page, R.H. Miller and D.R. Keeney (eds). Methods of Soil Analysis, Part-2, 2nd ed. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison. pp. 228-239.

KURT, C. E. M. A. L., ARIOGLU, H., ERDEM, T. U. N. A. H. A. N., AKKAYA, M. R., SABAGH, A. E., ISALAM, M. S. 2016. A comparative study of'fatty acid extraction methods' of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) varieties grown under Mediterranean environment. Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences, 4(5 Suppl.), 588-593.

LINDSAY WL AND NORVELL WA, 1978. Development of a DTPA soil test for Zn, Fe, Mn, and Cu. Soil Sci. Soc. America J. 42: 421-428.

MONDAL MMA, BADRUDDIN M, MALEK MA, HOSSAIN MB AND PUTEH AB, 2012. Optimization of sulphur requirement to sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) genotypes using tracer techniques. Bangladesh J. Bot. 41(1): 7-13.

MORTVEDT JJ, MURPHY LS AND FOLLETT RH, 1999. Fertilizer Technology and Application. Meister Publishing, Willoughby, 37733 Euclid Ave, Willoughby, OH 44094, USA.

PAGE AL, MILLER RH AND KEENEY DR, 1982. Methods of soil analysis. Part 2, 2nd ed., American Soc. Agron., 677 South Segoe Road, Madison , Wisconsin, USA.

PATEL JR AND SHELKE VB, 1995. Effect of farmyard manure, phosphorus and sulphur on growth, yield and quality if Indian mustard. Indian J. Agron. 43: 713-717.

PIPER CS, 1966. Soil and Plant Analysis. Adelaide University Press, Australia.

RAJA A, HATTAB KO, GURUSAMY L AND SUGANYA S, 2007. Suphur levels on nutrients uptake and yield of sesame varieties and nutrients availability. Int. J. Soil Sci. 2(4): 278-285.

RAJPUT DK, MEGH N, SRIVASTAVA PC, SINGH, SK AND GANGAWAR MS, 2003. Effect of S, B and Zn application and their interactions on growth, yield and nutrients uptake of Tagetes minuta L. Indian Perfu. 47(1): 91-97.

RAMAKRISHNA B, 2013. Growth and yield of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) as influenced by sources and levels of sulphur. MS (Agric.) in Agronomy thesis, Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, Dharwad University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad-580 005, India.

SALVAGIOTTI F AND MIRALLES DJ, 2008. Radiation interception, biomass production and grain yield as affected by the interaction of nitrogen and sulfur fertilization in wheat. Eur. J. Agron. 28(3): 282-290.

SALWA AI, MOHSEN E, ABASS M AND BEHARY SS, 2010. Amelioration productivity of sandy soil by using amino acids, sulphur and micronutrients for sesame production. J. American Sci. 6(11): 250-257.

SANGA DL, 2013. Evaluation of soil fertility status and optimization of its management in sesame (Sesamum indicuml.) growing areas of dodoma district. An MS thesis, Dept. of Soil Science and Land Management, Sokoine University of Agriculture. Morogoro, Tanzania.

SHAMINA AND IMAMUL, 2003. Mineralization pattern of added sulphur in some Bangladesh soils under submerged condition. Indian J. Agric. Chem. 36: 13-21.

SHANKER H, CHANDRA B AND LALLU A, 1999. Effect of levels of Zinc on growth, dry matter and yield of sesame varieties. Oil Seeds Soc. Agron. 16: 74-77.

SIRATO-YASUMOTO SMJ, KATSUTA Y, OKUYAMA Y AND TAKAHASHI IT, 2001. Effect of sesame seeds rich in sesamin and sesamolin on fatty acid oxidation in rat liver. J. Agric. Food Chem. 49: 2647-2651.

THIRUMALAISAMY K, SRINIVASAN PS, PANGARUSAMY U, THANGARAJ M, MALLIKA V AND KANNAIYAN S, 2001. Nutrient Deficiency and Remedial Management in Crops. 1st Edn., Sigar Graphics Pub., Coimbatore, India. pp: 10-11.

TOMA RB AND TABEKHIA MM 1979. Phytate and oxalate contents in sesame seed. Nutr. Rep. Int. 20: 25-31.

YADAV RA, TRIPATHI AK AND YADAV AK, 2009. Effect of micronutrients in combinations with organic manures on production and net returns of sesame (Sesamum indicum). Ann. Agril. Res. 30(1&2): 53-58.




How to Cite

Mohammad Sohidul Islam, Mohamed Tawane Ali, M. Kamrul Hasan, Abdikasim Hashi Wais, ASM Golam HAFEEZ, & M. Kaium Chowdhury. (2019). Response of Sulphur and Zinc on The Growth and Yield Traits of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) At Old Himalayan Piedmont Plain Soil. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 3(1), 98–115. Retrieved from