A Study On The Sericulture in Turkey
Keywords:Turkey, sericulture, silkworm cocoon, sericulture product
Sericulture, or silk farming, is the cultivation of silkworms to produce silk. Although there are several commercial species of silkworms, Silk was believed to have first been produced in China as early as the Neolithic Period. Sericulture has become an important cottage industry in countries such as Brazil, China, France, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, and Russia. Today, China and India are the two main producers, with more than 60% of the world's annual production. In this case, the sericulture production in Turkey, as the export-oriented shows could increase in the future. Sericulture production was begun in Anatolia which is Asian part of Turkey in A.D. 552 during Byzantium Emperor of Justinianus. The city of Bursa became a textile city which was famous for silk and silk trade centre. In middle of 16th silk textile industry was developed. Apart from city of Bursa, cities of Istanbul, dirne, Amasya, Denizli, Izmir and Konya were important sericulture centers In addition; the increase of government support in sericult production is also hope for the future of sericulture production in Turkey. In this study, using the silkworm cocoon data between the years of 1991-2019, the future 5-year production is estimated. For this, estimates were tested in the MINITAB program using the ARIMA Model, which is widely used in agricultural production estimates. Unconscious use of pesticides in Turkey, problems with mulberry tree cultivation, technical problems and rural-urban migration results are known to be important issues of the sericulture sector.However, thanks to government subsidies and export-oriented policies, it has been determined that silkworm cocoon production will increase in the next 5 years.
Akkus T. (2013). Bursa ipekciliginde gayrimuslimler, Bursa'daYasam Dergisi, Aralik. 136-47. (in Turkish).
Aslam, M., M. Ismat, R.H. Qureshi, S. Nawaz and I.A. Mehmood. (1994). Paddy yield affected by planting techniques in salt-affected soil, Pak. J. Agri. Sci., 31, 401-405.
Cherry, R.H. (1987). History of Sericulture, Bulletinof the Esa, https://watermark.com.tr (12.10.2020).
Enders, W. (1995). Applied econometric time series, John Wiley &Sons, New York.
Gonzalez, G.Z., Gonzalez, G.R., Almanza, M.I. (2018). The evolution of knowledge in sericultural research as observed through a science mapping approach [version 1; referees: 2 approved with reservations], F1000Research, 1-23.
Fuller, F.; Koç, A.; Şengül, H. and Bayaner, A. (1999). Farm-level feed demand in Turkey, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, Iowa State University, Iowa, USA.
Hamzaçebi, C., Kutay, F. (2004). Yapay sinir ağları ile Türkiye elektrik enerjis itüketiminin 2010 yılına kadar tahmini, Gazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, 19 (3): 227-233.
Hunter, W. (2013). Bursa mektubu-Mayis 1792 (Cev: Ekiz, C. ve Ulutas, C.). Bursa'da Yasam Dergisi, 396-401.
Huesser, A.(1927). The history of the silk dyeing in the United States. Barnes, New York.
ISC, (2019). https://inserco.org/en/statistics. (01.11.2020).
Inalcik H. (2013). Bursa ve ipek ticareti, Bursa’da Yasam Dergisi, 2013 (22-25 (in Turkish).
INERCO, (2020). https://inserco.org/en/statistics (02.11.2020).
Kaya R, Tutkun, M. (2012). Turkiye’de Ipekbocekciligi, 8th National Congress of Animal Science Students, 22-23 (in Turkish).
Kozabirlik - Sericultural Cooperative Association of Turkey, (2015). Activities of Cooperative, Available at: <http://www.kozabirlik.com.tr>. Accessed on: Nov 3, 2016.
Kumar, D.S. (2017). Employment generation and income through sericulture in Kharasia block, Chhattısgarh, Indıa, Int. J. Adv. Res. 5(12), 732-739.
McLeod, A.E., Hipel, K.W., Lennox, W. (1977). Advances in Box- Jenkins modeling, applications, Water Resources Research, 13, 577-586.
Özer, O.O., Top, B.T. (2017). Demand for inputs in silkworm production: the case of Turkey, R. Bras. Zootec. 46(12), 917-923.
Özmen, M., Şanlı, S. (2017). Detecting the best seasonal arima forecasting model for monthly inflation rates in turkey, Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 32(2), 143-182.
Republic of Turkey Minister of Agriculture and Forestry, (2020). https://www.tarimorman.gov.tr. (01.10.2020).
Republic of Turkey Minister of Turkey, (2019). https://ticaret.gov.tr/istatistikler/bakanlik-istatistikleri (01.11.2020).
Resmi Gazete, (2019). https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2019/11/20191120.pdf (31.10.2020).
Shuobin, Y. (2015). La cultura de la sedaen la china Antigua, Revista Instituto Confucio, VI: 62–76.
Shathir, A.K., Saleh, L.A.M. (2016). Best arima models for forecasting inflow of hit station, Basrah Journal for Engineering Sciences, 16(1), 61-71.
Tas, H. (2013). Bursa folklorunda ipek ve koza, Bursa’da Yasam Dergisi, 136-147. (in Turkish).
Tasligil, N. (1996). From past to date sericulture in bursa, Marmara CografyaDergisi, 1 (1), 237-246.
Toprak a. (2008). Silk Road in the cultural interaction of east and west (from the beginning till the end of gokturk period) (unpublished graduate thesis), Gazi Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Institute, Ankara.
TSI (Turkish Statistical Institute), (2020). Foreign trade statistics. Available at: <http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/>. Accessed on. (02.11.2020).
Wei, S., HongSong, Y.H., Yutaka, B., ZhongHuai, X., Ze, Z. (2012). Phylogeny and evolutionary history of the silkworm, Science China Life Sciences, 55(6), 483–496.
Yılmaz, O. (2017). Sericulture in Turkey, Sch J Agric Vet Sci, 4(9), 374-376.
Yılmaz, O., Ertürk, Y.E., Coşkun, F., Wilson, R.T., Ertuğrul, M. (2015). History of sericulture in turkey, Asian Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences, 3(2), 237-242.
Yıldırım, M. A. (2013). Sericulture education in the Ottoman Empire: the opening of harirdâruttalim and dârulharirs, Turkish Studies, 8(5), 577-594.
Zhang, M. (2018). Time Series: Autoregressive models AR, MA, ARMA, ARIMA, http://people.cs.pitt.edu/~milos/courses/cs3750/lectures/class16.pdf. (01.11.2020).
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.